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常用化学试剂英文缩写表  

2008-01-03 22:34:44|  分类: 外语学习 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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常用化学试剂英文缩写表

縮寫表:
ABO 2,7,8-Trioxabicyclo[3.2.1]octyl
Ac Acetyl
ACBZ 4-Azidobenzyloxycarbonyl
ACE α-Chloroethoxycarbonyl
AcHmb 2-Acetoxy-4-methoxybenzyl
Acm Acetamidomethyl
Ad 1-Adamantyl
Adoc 1-Adamantyloxycarbonyl
Adpoc 1-(1-Adamantyl)-1-methylethoxycarbonyl
AIBN 2,2’-Azobis(2-methylpropionitrile) or Azobisisobutyronitrile
All Allyl
Alloc Alloxycarbonyl
Als Allylsulfonyl
AMB 2-(Acetoxymethyl)benzoyl
AN 4-Methoxyphenyl or anisyl
Anpe 2-(4-Acetyl-2-nitrophenyl)ethyl
AO Atomic orbital
AOC Allyloxycarbonyl
p-AOM p-Anisyloxymrthyl or (4-methoxyphenoxy)methyl
Ar Aryl
atm Atmosphere
ATP Adenosine 5’-triphosphate
ATPase Adenosinetriphosphatase
Azb p-Azidobenzyl
Bam Benzamidomethyl
BBA Butane-2,3-bisacetal
BBn p-Bromobenzyl
9-BBN 9-Borabicyclo[3.3.1]nonane
BDMS Biphenyldimethylsilyl
BDT 1,3-Benzodithiolan-2-yl
Bic 5-Benzisoxazolymethoxycarbonyl
Bmpc 2,4-Dimethylthiophenoxycarbonyl
Bmpm 1,1-Bis(4-methoxyphenyl)-1’-pyrenylmethyl
BMS Borane-methyl sulfide
Bn Benzyl
BOC t-Butylcarbonyl

C. Chen, NDNU, 2003/06/13 C. Chen, NDNU, 2003/06/13 C. Chen, NDNU, 2003/06/13 C. Chen, NDNU, 2003/06/13 C. Chen, NDNU, 2003/06/13 C. Chen, NDNU, 2003/06/13 C. Chen, NDNU, 2003/06/13 C. Chen, NDNU, 2003/06/13 C. Chen, NDNU, 2003/06/13 C. Chen, NDNU, 2003/06/13
t-BOC t-Butylcarbonyl
BOM Benzyloxymethyl
BOP Benzotriazol-1-yloxytris(dimethylamino) phosphonium hexafluorophosphate
BOP-Cl N,N-Bis(2-oxo-3-oxazolidinyl)phosphinic
bp Boiling point
Bpoc 1-methyl-1-(4-biphenyl)ethoxycarbonyl
Bpy 2,2’-Bipyridyl
br Broad (spectral)
BSA Bistrimethylsilyl acetamide
Bt Benzotriazo-1-yl or 1-benzotriazolyl
BTBA Benzyltributylammonium chloride
Bu Butyl
s-BU Sec-Butyl
t-Bu tert-Butyl
Bum t-Butoxymethyl
t-Bumeoc 1-(3,5-Di-t-butylphenyl)-1-methylethoxycarbonyl
Bz Benzoxyl
oC Degree Celsius
calcd Calculated
Cam Carboxyamidomethyl
cAMP Adenosine cyclic 3’,5’-phosphate
CAN Cerium(IV) ammonium nitrate
Cbz Benzyloxycarbonyl
CD Circular dichrosim
CDI 1,1’-Carbonyldiimidazole
Cee 1-(2-Chloroethoxy)ethyl
CI Chemical ionization (in MS) Configuration interaction (in MO theory)
CIDNP Chemically induced dynamic nuclear polarization
cm Centmeter
CMPI 2-Chloro-1-methylpyridium chloride
CNDO Complete neglect of differential overlap
Coc Cinnamyloxycarbonyl
COD 1,5-Cyclooctadiene
concd Concentrated
COSY Correlation spectroscopy
COT Cyclooctatetrene
Cp Cyclopentadienyl

CPTr 4,4’,4”-Tris(4,5-dichlorophthalimido)riphenylmethyl
CSA Camphorsulfonic acid
CTMP 1-[(2-Chloro-4-methyl)phenyl]-4-methoxypiperidin-4-yl
Cys Cysteine
δ Chemical shift in ppm
d Day, doublet (spectral)
DABCO 1,4-Diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane
DAM Di(4-methoxyphenyl)methyl
DAST Diethylaminosulfurtrifluoride
DB-t-BOC 1,1-Dmethyl-2,2-dibromoethoxycarbonyl
DBD-Tmoc 2,7-Di-t-butyl[9-(10,10-dioxo-10,10,10,10-tetrahydrothioxanthyl)methy lcarbonyl
DBN 1,5-Diazabicyclo[4.3.0]non-5ene
DBU 1,8-Diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene
DCC Dicyclohexylcarbodiimide
DCMME Dichloromethylammonium chloride
DDQ 2,3-Dichloro-5,6-dicyano-1,4-benzoquinone
de Diastereomeric excess
DEAD Diethylazodicarboxylate
DEIPS Diethylisopropylsilyl
DEPT Distortionless enhancement by polarization transfer
DG Diacyl glycerol
DIAD Diisopropyl azodicarboxylate
DIBAH Diisobutylalumium hydride
DIBAL Diisobutylaluminum hydride
Dim 2-(1,3-Dithianyl)methyl
DIPEA Diisopropylethylamine
DIPT Diisopropyl tartrate
DMAC Dimethylacetamide
DMAD Diethyl acetylenedicarboxylate
DMAP 4-Dimethylaminopyridine
DME Dimethoxyethane
DMF N,N-Dimethylformamide
DMIPS Dimethylisopropylsilyl
Dmoc Dithianylmethoxycarbonyl
DMP Dimethylpropane
Dmp Dimethylphosphinyl
DMPM 3,4-Dimethoxybenzyl
DMPU 1,3-Dimethyl-3,4,5,6-tetrhydro-2(1H)-pyrimidinone

DMS Dimethyl sulfate
DMSO Dimethyl sulfoxide or methyl sulfoxide
DMT Dimethoxytrityl
DMTr Di(p-methoxyphenyl)phenylmethyl
DNA Deoxyribonucleic acid
DNB p,p’-Dinitrobenzhyrryl
DNMBS 4-(4’,8’-Dimethoxynaphthylmethyl)benzenesulfonyl
DNP 2,4-Dinitrophenyl
Dobz p-(Dihydroxyboryl)benzyloxycarbonyl
DPM Diphenylmethyl
DPMS Diphenylmethylsilyl
Dpp Diphenylphosphinyl
DPPA Diphenylphosphoryl azide
Dppe 2-(Diphenylphosphino)ethyl
Dppm (Diphenyl-4-pyridyl)methyl
Dpt Diphenylthiophosphinyl
DTBMS Di-t-butylsilylene
Dts Dithiasuccinimidyl
E1 Unimolecular elimination
E2 Bimolecular elimination
ED50 Dose that is effective in 50% of test subjects
EDC 1-Ethyl-3-(3’-dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide
EDTA Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid
EE 1-Ethoxyethyl
ee Enantiomeric excess
EI Electron impact (in MS)
ESR Electron spin resonance
Et Ethyl
FAB Fast atom bombardment (in MS)
Fcm-NR2 N-Ferrocenylmethyl
FD Field distortion (in MS)
FG Founctional group
FID Flame ionization detection or Free induced decay (in NMR)
Fm 9-Fluorenylmethyl
FMOC 9-Fluorenylmethylcarbamate
Fp η5
FT Foutier transform
g Gram

GC Gas chromatography
GTP Guanosine 5’-triphosphate
GUM Guaiacolmethyl
h Hour
HCA Hexachloroacetone
Hex Hexyl
HMDS 1,11,3,3,3-Hexamethyldisilazane
HMO Huckel molecular orbital
HMPA Hexamethylphosphoramide
HMPT Hexamethylphosphoroustriamide
HOBT 1-Hydroxybenzotriazole
HOMO Highest occupied molecular orbital
HPLC High performance liquid chromatography
HRMS High-resolution mass spectrum
hν Irradiation with light
Hz Hertz
hZ Homobenzyloxycarbonyl
ICR Ion cyclotron resonance
IDTr 3-(Imidazole-1-ylmethyl)-4’,4”-dimethoxytriphenylmethyl
Im Imidazole-1-yl or 1-imidazolyl
iMds 2,6—Dimethoxy-4-methylbenzenesulfonyl
INDO Incomplete neglect of differential overlap
IP Ionization potential
Ipaoc 1-Isopropylallyloxycarbonyl
IPDMS Isopropyldimethylsilyl
IR Infrared
J Coupling constant (in NMR)
k Kilo
KAPA Potassium 3-aminopropylamide
KHMDS Potassium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide or potassium hexamrthyldisilane
L Triphenylphosphine ligand or liter
LAH Lithium aluminum hydride
LCAO Linear combination of atomic orbitals
LDA Lithium diisopropylamide
LDBB 4,4’-Di-tert-butyybiphenyl ylide
Lev Levulinoyl
LevS Levulinoyldithioacetal ester 4,4-(ethylenedithio)pentanoyl
LFER Linear free energy relationship
LICA Lithium isopropylcyclohexylamide

LHMDS Lithium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide or lithium hexamrthyldisilane
LTA Lead tetraacetate
LTMP Lithium 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidide
LUMO Lowest unoccupied molecular orbital
μ Micro
m Multiple (spectral), meter, milli
M Moles per liter or mega
MAD Methylaluminum bis(2,6-di-t-butyl-4-methylphenoxide
MBE 1-(Methyl-1-benzyloxyethyl
MBF 2,3,3a,4,5,6,7,7a-Octahydro-7,8,8-trimethyl-4,7-methanobenzofuran2-yl
MBS p-Methoxybenzenesulfonyl
MCPBA m-Chloroperbenzoic acid
Mds 2,6-Dimethyl-4-methoxybenzenesulfonyl
m/e Mass to charge ratio (in MS)
MEM α-Methoxyethoxymethyl
MeOZ p-Methoxybenzyloxycarbonyl
Mes Mesityl 2,4,6-trimethylphenyl
MHz Megahertz
min Minute
MINDO Modified intermediate neglect of differential overlap
mM Millimoles per liter
MMTr p-Methoxyphenyldiphenylmethyl
MO Molecular orbital
mol Mole
MOM Methoxymethyl
MoOPH Oxodiperoxymolybdenum(pyridine) hexamethylphosphoramide
Moz p-Methoxybenzyloxycarbonyl
mp Melting point
MPM p-Methoxyphenylmethyl or p-Methoxybenzyl
Mps p-Methoxyphenylsufonyl
Mpt Dimethylthiophosphinyl
mRNA Messenger RNA
Ms Methanesulfonyl or mesyl
MS Mass spectrometry
MSA Methanesulfonic acid
Msib 4-(Methylsulfinyl)benzyl
Msz 4-Methylsulfinylbenzyloxycarbonyl
Mtb 2,4,6-Trimethoxybenzenesufonyl

Mte 2,3,5,6-Tetramethyl-4-methoxybenzenesulfonyl
MTHP 4-Methoxytetrahydropyranyl
MTM Methylthiomethyl
MTMB 4-(methylthiomethoxy)butyryl
MTMECO 2-(Methylthiomethoxy)ethoxycarbonyl
MTMT 2-(Methylthiomethoxymethyl)benzoxy
Mtpc 4-Methylthiophenoxycarbonyl
Mtr 2,3,6-Trimethyl-4-methoxybenzenesulfonyl
Mts 2,3,6-Trimethylbenzenesulfonyl(mesitylenesulfonyl)
m/z Mass to charge ratio (in MS)
n nao
NAD Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide
NADH Reduced NAD
NBA N-Bromoacetamide
NBS N-Bromosuccinimide
NCS N-Chlorosuccinimide
Ni(acac)2 Nickel acetylacetonate
NIS N-Iodosuccinimide
Ni(R) Raney Nickel
NMM N-Methyl morpholine
NMR Nuclear magnetic resonance
Noc 4-Nitrocinnamyloxycarbonyl
NOE Nuclear Overhauser effect
NOESY Nuclear Overhauser effect spectroscopy
NPS 2-Nitrophenylsulfenyl
Npys 3-Nitro-2-pyridinesulfenyl
Nu Nucleophile
OD Optical density
ONB o-Nitrobenzyl
ORD Optical rotary dispersion
ot Oven temperature
PADA Potassium azodicarboxylate
PCC Pyridinium chlorochromate
PDC Pyridinium dichromate
PdCl2(tpp)2 Dichlorobis[tris(2-methylphenyl)phosphine]palladium
Pd2(dba)3 Tris(dibenzylideneacetone)dipalladium
PE Photoelectron
Peoc 2-Phosphonioethoxycarbonyl or 2-(Triphenylphosphonio)ethoxycarbonyl

Pet 2-(2’-Pyridyl)ethyl
PG Protective group
Ph Phenyl
φ Phenyl
Phen 1,10-Phenanthroline
Phenoc 4-Methoxyphenacyloxycarbonyl
Phth Phthaloyl
Pixyl 9-(9-Phenyl)xanthenyl
PMB p-Methoxybenzyl
PMBM p-Methoxybenzoxymethyl
Pmc 2,2,5,7,8-Pentamethylchroman-6-sulfonyl
Pme Pentamethylbenzenesulfonyl
PMS p-Methylbenzylsulfonyl
PNB p-Nitrobenzoyl
PNBSP p-Nitrobenzenesulfonyl peroxide
POM 4-Pentenyloxymethyl or Pivaloxymethyl
PPA Polyphosphoric acid
PPE Polyphosphate ester
ppm Parts per mollion
Ppoc 2-Triphenylphosphonioisopropoxycarbonyl
PPTS Pyridinium p-to;uenesulfonate
Pr Propyl
i-Pr Isopropyl
Psec 2-(Phenylsulfonyl)ethoxycarbonyl
PTM Phenylthiomethyl
PTC Phase-transfer catalysis
Pv Pivaloyl
Py Pyridine
Pyoc 2-(2’- and 4’-pyridyl)ethoxycarbonyl
q Quartet
Rf Retention factor
rRNA Ribosomal RNA
rt Room temperature
s Singlet or second
Scm S-Carboxymethylsulfenyl
ScmCl Methoxycarbonylsulfenyl chloride
SEM Trimethylsilylmeyhoxyethyl
SES β-Trimethylsilylethanesulfonyl

SET Single electron transfer
SMOM (Phenyldimethylsilyl)methoxymethyl
SN1 Unimolecular nucleophilic substitution
SN2 Bimolecular nucleophilic substitution
SN ’ Nucleophilic substitution with allylic rearrangement
Snm S-(N’-Methyl-N’-phenylcarbamoyl)sulfenyl
STABASE 1,1,4,4-Tetramethyldisilyl azacyclopentane
Su Succinimidyl
t Triplet
Tacm Trimethylacetamidomethyl
TBAF Tetrabutylammonium fluoride
TBAI Tetrabutylammonium iodide
TBDMS t-Butyldimethylsilyl
TBDPS t-Butyldiphenylsilyl
TBDS Tetra-t-butoxydisiloxane-1,3-diylidene
TBHP t-Butyl hydroperoxide
TBMPS t-Butylmethoxyphenylsilyl
TBS Tributylsilane
TBTr 4,4’-4”-Tris(benzyloxy)triphenylmethyl
TcBoc 1,1-Dimethyl-2,2,2-trichloroethoxycarbonyl
TCNE Tetracyanoethylene
TCNQ 7,7,8,8-Tetracyanoquinodimethane
Tcroc 2-(Trifluoromethyl)-6-chromonylmethylene carbonyl
Tcrom 2-(Trifluoromethyl)-6-chromonylmethylene
TDS Thexyldimethylsilyl
TEA Triethylamine
TEAB Tetraethylammonium bromide
TEBAC Benzyltriethylammonium chloride
Tebbs’
TED Triethylene diamine
Teoc 2-(Trimethylsilyl)ethoxycarbonyl
TES Triethylsilyl
Tf Trifluoromethanesulfonyl
TFA Trifluoroacetic acid
TFAA Trifluoroacetic acid
TfOH Trifluoromethanesulfonic acid
Thexyl 2,3-Dimethyl-2-butyl
THF Tetrahydrofuran
THP Tetrahydropyran

TIPDS 1,3-(1,13,3-Tetraisopropyldisiloxanyllidene)
TIPS Triisopropylsilyl
TLTr 4,4’,4”-Tris(levulinoxy)triphenylmethyl
TMEDA N,N,N’,N’-Tetramethylethylene diamine
TMG 1,1,3,3-Tetramethylguanidine
TMP 2,26,6-Tetramethyl piperidine
TMPM Trimethoxyphenylmethyl
TMS Trimethylsilyl or Tetramethylsilane
TMSEC 2-(Trimethylsilyl)ethoxycarbonyl
TMTr Tri(p-methoxyphenyl)methyl
Tol Tolyl
Torr 1 mmHg
Tos p-Toluenesulfonyl
TPAP Tetrapropylammonium perruthanate (Pr)4NRuO4
TPP Tetraphenylporphine
TPS Triisopropylbenzenesulfonyl
TPS Triphenylsilyl
tR Retention time
Tr Trityl (triphenylmethyl)
Triton B Benzyltrimethylammonium hydroxide
Tritylone 9-(9-Phenyl-10-oxo)anthryl
Troc 2,2,2-Trichloroethoxycarbonyl
Ts p-Toluenesulfonyl or Tosyl
TS Transition state
TSA p-Toluenesulfonic acid
Tse 2-(p-Toluenesulfonyl)ethyl
TsOH p-Toluenesulfonic acid
TyrOH Tyrosine
UV Ultraviolet
Voc Vinyloxycarbonyl
Z Benzyloxycarbonyl

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