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青山妩媚

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美国州/城市别名  

2008-11-21 20:20:23|  分类: 百科常識 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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一个不错的收集美国城市别名的网站:The Big Apple :http://www.barrypopik.com/
The Big Apple. A series of citations, quotations, and evidence on the true origins of a New York City nickname, with additional material on other words and terms associated with the city. A web site by Barry Popik.

美国州/城市别名 - 青山妩媚 - 青山妩媚

Above, the header from the newspaper column of John J. Fitz Gerald. Click to see a portion of the column which includes his use of "Big Apple." Part of a second column is also available.

美国州/城市别名 - 青山妩媚 - 青山妩媚

Above, a cartoon representing the idea of the "big apple" from the 1920s. Click to see the full version.

SUMMARY: "Why is New York called the Big Apple?"


Garden State (summary)
"Garden State" is the nickname of New Jersey. Chicago was called "City in a Garden" or "Garden City" from the 1840s, and Illinois became known as the "Garden State."

New Jersey promoters also used the "Garden City" nickname, from the 1860s. (More than one American city was nicknamed "Queen City" and "Magic City" and even "Porkopolis.") When "Windy City" eclipsed "Garden City" as Chicago's nickname in the 1880s and 1890s, Illinois stopped being called the "Garden State." New Jersey kept its claim.


(Oxford English Dictionary)
Garden State U.S., a name given to various American states, esp. New Jersey

1865 Daily Morning Chron. (Washington, D.C.) 29 Sept. 2/3 Verily, Illinois is justly called 'The *Garden State'. 1871 SCHELE DE VERE Americanisms 659 Kansas is often called the Garden State, from the beautiful appearance of rolling prairies and vast cultivated fields. 1948 Sat. Even. Post 20 Nov. 57/2 When the first nip of frost chills the New Jersey air, cooks in the Garden State revive this recipe.


19 January 1861, The Scientific American, pg. 47, col. 1:
GARDEN STATE OF THE WEST.
(Illinois - ed.)


5 April 1862, The Living Age, pg. 22:
ILLINOIS. - (...) The "Garden State" has in forty-one years multiplied her people thirty-one times - a more rapid growth than any other American State can show.


August 1862, Continental Monthly (New York, Boston), pg. 252b:
ILLINOIS, the Garden State of America


8 May 1867, Davenport (Iowa) Daily Gazette, pg. 2, col. 3:
Peculiar, as I said to the Garden State.
(Illinois - ed.)


4 June 1869, Ohio Democrat (New Philadelphia, Ohio), pg. 4, col. 2:
VINELAND.

To All Wanting Farms.

New Settlement of Vineland.

A Rare Opportunity in the best Market
and most delightful and healthy Cli-
mate in the Union. Only Thirty
Miles South of Philadelphia, on a
Railroad; being a Rich Soil and
highly productive Wheat Land;
among the best in the Garden State
of New Jersey.


Chicago: past, present, future.
by John S. Wright
Second Edition, for the Chicago Board of Trade
Chicago
1870
Pg. 353:
The Illinois Central Railroad. - This road had its origin in the year 1850, when Stephen A. Douglas and General Shields obtained from Congress a grant of alternate sections of land on both sides of the proposed route, through the richest portions of the Garden State, giving it an immense and increasing revenue from their sale, without which encouragement the road would not have been undertaken.


The Footprints of Time:
And a Complete Analysis of Our American System of Government.
by Charles Bancroft
Burlington, Iowa: R. T. Root, Publisher
1875
Pg. 469:
NEW JERSEY.
(...)
Its vicinity to the great commercial centres of the Atlantic coast; the mildness of its climate, and the adaptation of its oil to the growth of fruit and vegetables have made it the Garden State of the Union.


20 December 1882, Hopewell (NJ) Herald, pg. 4, col. 1:
Though small in area, yet New Jersey is the garden State of the Union.


27 February 1893, Middletown (NY) Daily Press, pg. 1, col. 4:
TRENTON, Feb. 27. - The passing of the three race track bills by the Senate on Saturday by a vote of 11 to 9, thus completing the act which makes them laws without the consent of the Governor, has stirred up the good people of the "Garden State."


15 March 1895, New York Times, pg. 6:
"New-Jersey, or rather that section of it that is traversed by the bicycle riders in the relay race, is rich with natural scenery, and many of the roads have been improved since the last event, which we helped to manage. The Atalantas will be represented, of course, and there is no club in the Garden State which will strive harder to keep the relay championship in New-Jersey."


11 July 1895, Atlanta Constitution, pg. 9:
NEW JERSEY NEXT.
(...)
Yesterday morning it was received at exposition headquarters, and its emphatic tone shows that the chief executive of the Garden State is thoroughly in earnest and aroused as to the magnitude of the enterprise.


5 December 1895, Atlanta Constitution, pg. 2:
GARDEN STATE MEN

New Jersey Comes to the Exposition To
Have a Day Tomorrow.


(OCLC WorldCat)
Title: Long Branch, New Jersey :
embracing Elberson, West End, Hollywood, Norwood Park, Branchport, East Long Branch, North Long Branch, and Pleasure Bay : illustrated /
Corp Author(s): Long Branch Board of Trade (Long Branch, N.J.)
Publication: [New York : R. Whamond],
Year: 1909
Description: [55] p. : ill. ; 31 cm.
Language: English
SUBJECT(S)
Descriptor: Resorts -- New Jersey -- Long Branch.
Resorts -- New Jersey -- Long Branch Area.
Geographic: Long Branch (N.J.) -- Pictorial works.
Note(s): Cover title: Long Branch, New Jersey : the garden spot of the Garden State./ "Business interests: representative mercantile resources and facilities"--P. [19-55].
Other Titles: Long Branch, N.J. : the garden spot of the Garden State.
Responsibility: published under the auspices of the Board of Trade of the City of Long Branch, N.J.
Document Type: Book


(OCLC WorldCat)
Title: Who's who in New Jersey :
notable men and women in the professional business and political life of the Garden State--biographical sketches of today's leaders and those looming on the horizon /
Author(s): Souder, Harry James,; 1888-
Publication: New York : National Biographic News Service,
Edition: Cumberland County ed.
Year: 1923
Description: 260 p. : ill., plates, ports. ; 30 cm.
Language: English
SUBJECT(S)
Geographic: Cumberland County (N.J.) -- Biography.
Class Descriptors: Dewey: 920.074
Responsibility: H.J. Souder, editor-in-chief ; Editorial staff for Cumberland County: Robert E. Fithian, Olive Rockhill Souder, Virgil S. Johnson.
Document Type: Book

Seward's Folly:
Alaska is 50. The territory once known as Seward's Folly became the 49th and largest US state on this date in 1959. US Secretary of State William Seward bought the 587,875 square miles (1,522,595 sq km) in 1867 for $7.2 million. Here are some other tidbits of trivia about the state that makes up America's extreme northwest: the state motto is "North to the future"; its flower is the forget-me-not. The state bird is the willow ptarmigan; the fossil is the wooly mammoth; the insect is the four-spot skimmer dragonfly and the state sport is dog mushing. Alaska is an exclave of the US, separated from the other mainland states by British Columbia, Canada.



Picking Them Games: Nickname Edition

Posted October 24th, 2008 by Nathan DeGraaf
0
FAVS

Scotty the Handicapper has taken it on himself recently to give me nicknames (yes, plural) because he said that I go through four stages of me when I drink.  Here are those stages:

Normal Nate (or Sober Nate)

Apparently, this guy is really polite and nice and generally caring and understanding.  Quite frankly, he's probably the reason I drink in the first place. 

Gnat (or Nat)

Somewhere within four to eight shots of rum, I become Nat.  Nat apparently is very forward and incredibly annoying... unless he's talking to someone other than you.  In which case, I've heard it can be pretty fun to watch. 

Drunk Nate

Drunk Nate is usually the stage at which I try to leave the bar.  Basically, the name is as it sounds.  When I'm Drunk Nate, I'm really drunk.  I mean "spilling drinks and blaming other people" drunk.  Never pretty.  But, if I don't get home during this stage, I expose people to the awesomeness that is...

Nasty Nate

Nasty Nate makes the kind of mistakes that result in bruises, broken bones, Chlamydia and planned parenthood.  Nasty Nate is rude to people he respects and loves, disrespectful to women and just generally an asshole.  But he always remembers to tip, so even Nasty Nate has his place, I guess.

Anyway, this week the theme I am working to pick them games revolves around nicknames (bet you didn't see that coming).  Whichever city has the coolest nickname will win this week, I promise. 

As always, I brought Nikki the Bartender and Scotty the Handicapper along, you know, in case you wanted intelligent decisions based on analysis.  I know you can be kooky like that.

On to the picks.  HOME TEAMS in CAPS.    

Raiders (+7) over RAVENS

Oaktown versus Charm City. 

At first, you would think that Charm City would be a cooler nickname than Oaktown.  And I got to admit, I would rather live in a place called Charm City than a place called Oaktown.  But Charm City loses points for being a blatant and cheesy lie, whereas Oaktown seems like the kind of who-cares-about-nicknames nickname that this city would receive if it played baseball in an all NFL cities baseball league. 

On an unrelated note, have any of you ever tried peyote?

Nikki and Scotty don't use nicknames to make their picks, so they went the other way. 

Cards (+4) over PANTHERS

Valley of the Sun versus Palmetto City

No contest.  Valley of the Sun sounds like the title of a Led Zeppelin song.  Palmetto City sounds like a city full of plants and bugs, which can't be much of a city, right?

Nikki, the girl who is kicking our asses at the game picking, went the other way on this one, picking the Panthers with the words, "The Panthers will at least get them by a TD, so I take... I always forget how to do this one."

Remind me to go home and rip out my pubic hairs one by one. 

Bucs (+2.5) over COWBOYS

The Big Guava versus The Big D

I think it's funny that both cities' nicknames could be interpreted as making references to breasts, but after I finished chuckling, I decided that we can all agree that obscure fruit is way more fun than one letter, especially one I never liked seeing on my papers and tests as a kid. 

LIONS (+8) over Redskins

Motown versus Capital City

This was actually a pretty tough one.  Capital City sounds like a boring name for a city that is, in fact, America's Capitol City, but it's also the name of a city in "The Simpsons" so it gets bonus points for that.  However, Motown is a style of music that doesn't suck.  And one awesome television show can't beat out an entire genre of good music, no matter how many times Homer insults Flanders. 

Scotty and Nikki are logical and sane people.  So they went the other way on this one.  I have a method to my madness however because I once shot a physicist.  It's a long story. 

DOLPHINS (+1.5) over Bills

Little Cuba versus Bison City

There are a lot of alternate nicknames for these two towns, probably because these two nicknames suck.  On the one hand, you got a town named after a decrepit communist country, on the other, you got a town named after a lumbering, hairy beast.  It was pretty much a push until I asked myself if I'd rather eat a Cuban Sandwich or a hunk of Bison. 

Says Nikki, "The Bills will win by at least three so I take..." 

"The Bills," I say to the girl who never loses the picks.  "The freaking Bills."

Scotty picked the Bills, too. 

Rams (+7.5) over PATRIOTS

The Gateway City versus Beantown

I love the fact that St. Louis named itself after the fact that pretty much everyone who moved there during the great expansion era bailed on the town.  Still, I mean, Beantown?  Your town ain't worth beans... you know, beans, they make you fart... Gotta pick the Lou on this one.

Scotty picked the Patriots. 

Saints (+3.5) over Chargers

The Big Easy versus America's Finest City (in the Big Smoke)

No question, here.  The Big Easy is a badass nickname.  It gets applied to heavy slutty chicks all over this great country.    

Side note: apparently, London's nickname is The Big Smoke, probably a reference to their early industrial period or something somewhat educational and not at all interesting. 

Scotty picked the Chargers. 

Chiefs (+13.5) over JETS

Heart of America versus The Garden State

As I mentioned last week, I got tired of having a New York City/North Jersey explanation for each team that plays in the Meadowlands so I gave NYC the Giants and gave the entire state of Jersey the Jets. 

Anyway, let me just go on record as saying that both these names suck. 

Calling your town the Heart of America and then producing the world's most un-heart-healthy food is almost as bad as naming your state after a garden and putting Journal Square in it. 

Nikki went with the Jets. 

EAGLES (-9) over Falcons

The City of Brotherly Love versus The Athens of the South

Wow, now here are some stupid nicknames.  On the one hand, you have the birthplace of the constitution naming itself after love instead of war, which is kind of like Jenna Jameson giving herself the nickname, "The Chaste One."  But on the other hand, I hate it when cities take their nicknames from European cities like we should be living up to their standards or something. 

"Oh really, Atlanta.  You say you're just like Athens, Greece except with sweet tea and fried Okra?  The fuck you are, Atlanta.  The fuck you are."  

Nikki took the Falcons. 

Browns (+7) over JAGUARS

Mistake on the Lake versus River City

Nothing in life is above being honest.  Both of these towns know that, as one is on a river and the other is on a lake.  However, when it comes to downright mothergrabbing brutal honesty, well I men, it was definitely Cleveland that added the brutal. 

Nikki and Scotty went the other way. 

Bengals (+9) over TEXANS

Queen City versus Magnolia City

So Houston gets a nickname that reflects all the trees and flowers it does not have, while Cincinnati gets a nickname that represents the monarchy it does not have. 

Umm, I flipped a coin.  It came up Bengals.  

Nikki and Scotty went Texans.    

Giants (+3) over STEELERS

The Big Apple versus Steel City

Two freaking awesome nicknames right here.  I mean, when they were handing out nicknames, these cities got some cool ones.  I would not be offended to anyone calling me either "Big Apple" or "Steel" as both seem like, I don't know, badass or something.  But the Big Apple wins because everyone knows it and no one knows what it means.  I like mystique. 

Scotty took the Steel City. 

NINERS (-5) over Seahawks

Shaky Town versus The Emerald City

In honor of the Grateful Dead, I'm giving it to Shaky Town here. 

Oh, and that reminds me, have any of you ever tried Peyote?

TITANS (-3.5) over Colts

Music City versus Naptown

Naptown?  Why the hell would you call your town, Naptown?  Oh wait.  I get it.  Because your entire town is boring and sleepy.  Well, that makes sense.  No wonder, Peyton likes it there so much. 

Nikki's Sports Douche of the Week

Douche: Do you actually know what's going on in the game, or do you just cheer when everyone else does?

Nikki: No sweetheart, I actually follow baseball. I know what's going on in the game (note this is said with clenched teeth and doused with sarcasm).

Douche [turns to his friend]: She hasn't got a clue. She's a chick.

Nikki [Noting the douche is foreign]:  Wow, you're not one to stereotype, are you (yet again, oozing with sarcasm)? I guess I should be asking where you've hidden your WMD's, I mean, since we're putting it all out there and all.

This is the one and only time I will say this to you all:  I have breasts and a vagina. I'm pretty. But I could probably school 99% of the general male population on ANY sport. So be a complete dumbass if you will, but question my knowledge of sports and I'll make you look like today's ass clown. That is all.

Scotty the Handicapper's College Pick of the Week

"My college lock is Vandy -10 at home on homecoming against Duke."


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