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Thank God It’s Friday-TGIF  

2009-12-25 23:47:44|  分类: 外语学习 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Starting in the United States, it has become a common expression of relief at the end of the work week and anticipation of relaxing or partying over the weekend. The term was originated by the Akron, Ohio disk jockey Jerry Healy on radio station WAKR in the early 1970s. The phrase was further popularised by the 1978 movie starring Donna Summer, Thank God It’s Friday. The phrase has also become common for advertising and promotional materials. On college campuses beginning in the 1970s, the phrase (sometimes shortened to "TG") became associated with Friday afternoon beer parties, usually held outdoors.

be domiciled in [at]


be observant of the traffic rules


be observant to avoid danger


an observant boy


Business proceeded as usual.


proceed from the out side to the inside


proceed to Beijing


proceed to the next business


proceed from objective realities


proceed to take off one's coat


proceed to the degree of M.A.


The talks proceeded in a friendly atmosphere.


The work is proceeding briskly.


proceed against

【律】对(某人)依法起诉; 向法庭控告(某人、某企业等)

proceed from

出于, 来自, 发生于

proceed on  [upon]

按照...行事, 遵照...进行

proceed to

...进发; 进入(下一个议程项目); 改读[获取]学位

go on wheels v. 顺利进行

as it appears


lt appears to me that...

据我看来, 我觉得

appear for


bind over to appear


lt begins to appear that ...


It appears not...


so it appears


strange as it may appear


Tara int. <>再会! (亦作 tarrah)

an overdue check


overdue debt


get an overdue share of attention


The train is overdue.


Please CC: Devon with any confirmation emails, since I'm traveling this week and my email access is few and far between. Where we are in terms of progress for the Merck/GlycoFi orderThanks for all your contributions to date. Thank you for the kind comments. Please leave it as it is. Just a quick update for this package: Sorry for the inconvenience. I'm going out to grab some dinner. Please find attached the quote and check if we have followed your instruction correctly. If things go well, if everything goes well, if all goes well, it is going on wheels. If we can get everything in alignment, then we may be able to ship out earlier. 99 vials of the membrane in a good condition. please give me a call or let me know of a good time to call you. Great job and a very ambitious project if it comes to fruition. what is the common practice? Hope this message finds you well. But if Novartis submitted it what happened in the intervening 6 weeks? Your snapshot is correct. at a premium. Compensate.


get a handle on

have a handle on 【非正式用语】

To achieve an understanding of:


I was finally able to get a handle on the true nature of the problem.


fly off the handle

[美口]冒火, 激动; , 翘辫子

go off the handle

[美口]冒火, 激动; , 翘辫子

slip off the handle

[美口]冒火, 激动; , 翘辫子

give a handle for

使人有可乘之机, 给人以口实

give a handle to

使人有可乘之机, 给人以口实

handle of the face


have two handles

有两个方面; 有两种解

pump handle



take by the best handle


sth. by the best handle


throw the handle after the blade

刀身丢失后连刀柄也扔掉; 破罐子破摔; 孤注一掷

up to the handle

[]彻底地; 完全地; 极度地

get the gauge of


have the lee gauge of

...下风; ...不利

have  the weather gauge of

...上风; ...有利

get the weather gauge of

...上风; ...有利

keep  the weather gauge of

...上风; ...有利

take the gauge of

估计, 估价; 测量

I hope the holiday season is keeping you busy! Celebrate the tail end of the GFC with this completely priceless D.I.Y Christmas tree. Times have been tough, so we thought we would help you this year by saving you the hassle of building your own Christmas tree. That's right, we've created a D.I.Y Christmas tree that you can decorate in the space of a few minutes. It's the least we can do to say thank you for being a CareerOne member. Wishing you every happiness this Holiday Season and prosperity in the New Year.  We look forward to continuing our relationship in the coming year. All the best to you and your family, Happy Holidays and a Merry Christmas with the best wishes for health, happiness and prosperity in 2010! I hope you enjoy the upcoming holidays. Wish that the New Year is the beginning of greater joy and beautiful moments to cherish all days through. holidays are just around the corner.

I have a boyfriend, I have a goldfish. Apologies for the confusion. Linda has just moved onto the North East region accounts and not every client is as valued as Adnexus! Looks like everything is in place and we’ll get moving on it straight away. Sure thing. I’ll get back to you with the details. In the interim, feel free to send the order details to me. I will take off tomorrow. keep an eye to. Note this absolutely has to be done by the 29th at the very latest. Please take the following actions.



tail end n.末端, 结束

an acrimonious quarrel剧烈的争吵

acrimonious words尖刻的话

deprive sb. of...剥夺某人的..., 使某人丧失...; 免去某人(职务) deprived adj. 缺乏足够教育的;缺少食物的

take one's dick发誓

up to dick合适, 够格dick

ship over v. 重新进海军服役

in any event无论如何

by December 29th at the very latest.

a preparatory course; preparatory students. 预备课程;预科学生


feel extremely shitty bodily觉得身体很不好

debute, premiere,

get-together: A casual social gathering.非正式的社交聚会

in a fit of anger 一时气愤in a fit of anger and remorse

manage to达成, 设法

file for申请,报名参加竞选

Looking Ahead to 2010, takes into consideration of, a puff and huff, your honor, okeydoke, popped,



(o-BAM-byuh-layt)  verb intr. To walk about.
From Latin ob- (towards, against) + ambulare (to walk). Ultimately from the Indo-European root ambhi- (around) that is also the source of ambulance, alley, preamble, and bivouac. The first print citation of the word is from 1614.]
"We have often seen noble statesmen obambulating (as Dr. Johnson would say) the silent engraving-room, obviously rehearsing their orations." — The Year's Art; J.S. Virtue & Co.; 1917.

Alternative Minimum Tax

AMT. An IRS system created to ensure that high-income individuals, corporations, trusts, and estates pay at least some minimum amount of tax, regardless of deductions, credits or exemptions. It functions by adding certain tax-preference items back into adjusted gross income. While it was once only important for a limited number of high-income individuals who made extensive use of tax shelters and deductions, more and more people are being affected by it. The AMT was introduced in 1969, and was originally intended only to affect 155 U.S. households, but by 2010 it is projected that up to 20% of households may be affected by AMT. The AMT is often triggered when there are large numbers of personal exemptions on state and local taxes paid, large numbers of miscellaneous itemized deductions or medical expenses, or by Incentive Stock Option (ISO) plans. The AMT has become one of the most controversial tax mechanisms in existence.


Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act. A law mandating that anyone belonging to a group health insurance plan must be allowed to purchase health insurance within an interval of time beginning when the previous coverage is lost. The law protects employees, especially those with long term health conditions who may be reluctant to leave jobs because they are afraid pre-existing condition clauses will limit coverage of any such conditions under a new insurance plan, from losing health insurance due a change in employment status. The law also creates standards dealing with the privacy of health information, which helps prevent improper use of one's medical record.

block trade

A large amount of securities being traded, typically at least 10,000 shares of stock or $200,000 in bonds. Normally, only institutional investors undertake such large trades. Block trades can affect the market price of the security, depending on the liquidity of the market.

marginal cost of capitalGDR

The cost associated with raising one additional dollar of capital. The marginal cost will vary according to the type of capital used. For example, raising funds through the use of unsecured or subordinated debt, or through debt that requires higher interest rates to offset risk, will be more expensive than debt that is backed by collateral, such as a secured bond.

total return swap

A type of swap where one party pays another based on a set rate in return for payments based on the return of a given asset. This asset is often a loan or a bond. This situation is beneficial if a party wants to benefit from an asset, but doesn't want to purchase that asset. Total return swaps are often used by hedge funds.

(puh-LOOD-uhl adjective Of or relating to marshes.
From Latin palus (marsh).]
"At 2 am, in this paludal hinterland, a lone roadside figure bristling with electronic and photographic gear must present a curious sight." — Mark Wilson; A Rarity of a Book About Rare Birds; Boston Globe; Mar 5, 1995.

(KWO-thuh) interjection Indeed.
From quoth a, an alteration of quoth he (said he)
The word is used to express surprise or sarcasm, after quoting someone. Another, much older term with the same meaning is forsooth (literally, for truth).
"'Such stuff as dreams are made on,' quotha." — Dennis O'Donnell; Tobacco Pipes; The Scotsman (Edinburgh, Scotland); Nov 7, 2000.

(SAB-yuh-luhs) adjective Sandy; gritty.
From Latin sabulum (sand).
"Clinical disorders of the lower urinary tract of cats are not new phenomena. Kirk, for example, described 'retention of urine' as a very common condition in cats. He also noted that the most common cause of the problem was obstruction of the urethra by a sabulous material." — Peter J Markwell, et al, The Effect of Diet on Lower Urinary Tract Diseases in Cats, The Journal of Nutrition (Bethesda, Maryland), Dec 1998.
"Absolutely sabulous: Sabu is caught in a giant spider web in Alexander Korda's 'The Thief of Bagdad' from 1940." — Focus Forum, The Times-Picayune (New Orleans, Louisiana), Apr 16, 1995.

The male of a hawk, especially of the peregrine falcon or a goshawk.
From Middle English, from Middle French tercuel, from Vulgar Latin tertiolus, diminutive of Latin tertius (third). Ultimately from Indo-European root trei- (three) that's also the source of such words as three, testify (to be the third person), triskaidekaphobia (fear of the number 13)
Why the sense of third in the word for a male hawk? It's either from the belief that the third egg produced a male, or from the fact that the male of hawk is one-third smaller than the female. Spelling variants: tiercel, tercelet.
"Adam was a 2-year-old tercel Hubbard had been working with for more than a year. The bird was acquired from a federally licensed breeder for $1,000." — Rich Landers; Falconer Puzzled by Loss of Bird; Spokesman Review (Spokane, Washington); Jan 10, 1999.

(uhn-di-SEHN-uh-ree) noun
1. A period of eleven years.
2. An eleventh anniversary.
1. Of or pertaining to a period of eleven years.
2. Occurring every eleven years.
From Latin undecim (eleven), from unus (one) + decem (ten), + -ennary, from annus (year).
"It appears from an undecennary account laid before Parliament." — E. Stiles; 1847.
1. Relating to a veto.
2. Having the power to forbid.
From Latin vetare (to forbid).
"The only case in which our executives have a real vetitive power, is the case of pardon, and most unfortunately it is used in an alarming degree, against the supremacy of the law and the stability of the right -- both essential to civil liberty." — Francis Lieber; On Civil Liberty and Self-government; 1853.

wellerism noun An expression involving a familiar proverb or quotation and its facetious sequel. It usually comprises three parts: statement, speaker, situation.
"Everyone to his own liking," the old woman said when she kissed her cow.
"We'll have to rehearse that," said the undertaker as the coffin fell out of the car.
After Sam Weller and his father, characters known for such utterances in Charles Dickens's novel
Pickwick Papers (1837).
"All of the Shavian proverbs and most of the wellerisms have been recorded in a literary context ... Anyhow, 'So far so good,' as the boy said when he had finished the first pot of his mother's jam." — W F H Nicolaisen; The Proverbial Bernard Shaw; Folklore (London, UK); 1998.

domestic rate

The interest rate of a domestic currency expressed in real terms. The domestic rate is used in foreign exchange markets in interest rate parity calculations, and is compared to the inflation-adjusted interest rate of the foreign currency.

capped-style option

An option with an established profit cap. A capped-style option is automatically exercised when the underlying security closes at or above the option's cap price for a call, or at or below the option's cap price for a put.


Ownership interest in a corporation in the form of common stock or preferred stock. It also refers to total assets minus total liabilities, in which case it is also referred to as shareholder's equity or net worth or book value. In real estate, it is the difference between what a property is worth and what the owner owes against that property (i.e. the difference between the house value and the remaining mortgage or loan payments on a house). In the context of a futures trading account, it is the value of the securities in the account, assuming that the account is liquidated at the going price. In the context of a brokerage account, it is the net value of the account, i.e. the value of securities in the account less any margin requirements.

Ownership interest in a corporation in the form of common stock or preferred stock.

Total assets minus total liabilities; here also called shareholder's equity or net worth or book value. The value of a property minus the owner's outstanding mortgage balance. Fairness in law.

(FLUHM-uh-ree) noun
1. Any of various desserts made of flour, milk, eggs, etc.
2. Empty compliment; complete nonsense.
From Welsh llymru, from llym (sour or sharp)
Originally, it was a kind of porridge or pap, made by soaking oatmeal in water for a long time, until it has turned sour. How did we get from Welsh llymru to English flummery? That's to do with how the Welsh "ll" sounds to others: variously as thl, chl, shl, fl, etc. In this case, it's fl. For the same reason the surname Lloyd is sometimes spelled as Floyd.
"Fox Broadcasting Co. aired its highly advertised special 'Conspiracy Theory: Did We Land on the Moon?' NASA, viewers were told, faked the Apollo missions on a movie set. Such flummery should not warrant a response." — Michael Shermer; Fox's

(KAYK-wok) noun Something very easy to do, having little or no opposition.
In the 19th century, cakewalk was a popular contest among slaves on the American plantations. It was a strutting dance, developed as a parody of white owners, in which couples with the most stylish steps won a cake as a prize. The dance may or may not have been easy but it was certainly a lot of fun, and eventually the term cakewalk began to be used to refer to anything easy to do. The idiom "to take the cake" has the same origin.
"With a celebrated line-up, IOC were clear favourites. But even they would not have expected a cakewalk." — Uthra Ganesan; SRC Slip on Indian Oil, Army draw; Hindustan Times (New Delhi, India); Nov 18, 2006.

chocolate-box adjective Having a romanticized beautiful image; stereotypically pretty.
From the kind of pictures often seen on boxes of chocolate.
"But to accept that is merely to endorse a patronising, chocolate-box image of the country — to see it all as pretty lanes, thatched cottages and rosy-cheeked lasses milking cows — and to turn a blind eye to the reality of rural life today." — Anna Morrell; An Everyday Tale of Randy Rural Folk; Western Mail (Cardiff, Wales); Nov 9 2006.

ambrosia noun
1. In classical mythology, the food of the gods.
2. Something very pleasing to taste or smell.
3. A dessert made of oranges and shredded coconut.
From Latin, from Greek ambrotos, from a- (not) + mbrotos (mortal). Ultimately from the Indo-European root mer- (to rub away or to harm) that is also the source of morse, mordant, amaranth, morbid, mortal, mortgage, and nightmare.
"Along with the celebrity eats, the volunteers have also collected some good stories about the ambrosia that fuels the gods of rock." — Katie Menzer; More Than a Feeding; The Dallas Morning News (Texas); Nov 24, 2006.
Weekly theme
Desserts used metaphorically

cookie-cutter adjective
Mass-produced; identical; unimaginative; lacking individuality.
After a tool used to cut out cookie dough in various shapes.
"On the other side of the tracks is a long line of cookie-cutter bungalows stretching as far as the eye can see." — Marie Wadden; Where Tragedy Falls Off Canada's Map; Toronto Star (Canada); Nov. 18, 2006.

principal-agent relationship

The arrangement that exists when one person or entity (called the agent) acts on behalf of another (called the principal). For example, shareholders of a company (principals) elect management (agents) to act on their behalf, and investors (principals) choose fund managers (agents) to manage their assets. This arrangement works well when the agent is an expert at making the necessary decisions, but doesn't work well when the interests of the principal and agent differ substantially. In general, a contract is used to specify the terms of a principal-agent relationship.

money market account

A savings account which shares some of the characteristics of a money market fund. Like other savings accounts, money market accounts are insured by the Federal government. Money market accounts offer many of the same services as checking accounts although transactions may be somewhat more limited. These accounts are usually managed by banks or brokerages, and can be a convenient place to store money that is to be used for upcoming investments or has been received from the sale of recent investments. They are very safe and highly liquid investments, but offer a lower interest rate than most other investments.

purchase acquisition

Accounting method used in any merger which is not treated as a pooling of interests. The purchasing company treats the acquired as an investment, adding the acquired's assets to its own balance sheet, and recording any premium paid above market price as goodwill, to be charged against future earnings.







Is there any room at the inn? Conrad Hilton answered yes to that question, and became one of the world's wealthiest men. When he was a child, Hilton helped his father welcome business travelers to the rooms they had set up in their home in San Antonio. He learned well what the travelers were looking for in a temporary home. In 1919, Hilton bought his first hotel and several years later he opened his first Hilton Hotel, the Dallas Hilton. America's first coast-to-coast hotel chain opened inns overseas in the 1940s. Conrad Hilton was born on December 25, 1887.
Quote: "Success seems to be connected with action. Successful people keep moving. They make mistakes, but they don't quit." Conrad Hilton

How many books are in the Library of Congress? At last published count, the Library of Congress held some 32 million cataloged books and other print materials in 470 languages, plus more than 62 million manuscripts and the world's largest collection of legal materials, films, maps, sheet music and sound recordings. All told, the collection numbers nearly 142 million items. The repository of all written material copyrighted in the US, the Library of Congress was established in the US Capitol in 1800, with a few thousand books, for the use of Congress. In August 1814, invading British troops set fire to the Capitol building, burning much of the library's contents. Thomas Jefferson immediately offered his own collection of over 6,000 books to start a new official library. On this date in 1851, the Library was again devastated by a fire that destroyed some 35,000 volumes. Today, the growing library is housed in three separate buildings on Capitol Hill. It is still used as a research facility for the US Congress, but also serves the general public, open to anyone over high school age.
Quote: "Without libraries what have we? We have no past and no future."Ray Bradbury

Why did Van Gogh cut off his ear? Vincent van Gogh was a brilliant but emotionally troubled artist who suffered from depression and epileptoid seizures. He spent a particularly prolific and successful year in Arles, France; in October 1888, his friend and fellow painter Paul Gaugin joined him there. After a couple of months, though, the two began arguing. After one particularly bitter quarrel, Gaugin left Arles, and in a fit of anger and remorse, on this date in 1888, Van Gogh sliced off the lower half of his left ear with a razor. Though he was under doctors' care, Van Gogh's turbulent behavior didn't improve. In July 1890, after arguing with one of his physicians, he shot himself in the chest. Van Gogh died two days later. He had produced over a thousand paintings and drawings, but only managed to sell one in his lifetime.
Quote: "I dream of painting and then I paint my dream."Vincent Van Gogh

Why do some people say that 'Beethoven's Fifth' actually came after his sixth symphony? When Beethoven's Fifth and Sixth Symphonies premiered 201 years ago today — on December 22, 1808 — the Sixth was played before the Fifth, even though the Fifth was actually written a bit before the other. The two pieces premiered at Vienna's Theater an der Wien, with Ludwig van Beethoven himself conducting. The concert lasted four hours and included other Beethoven premiers, as well; The Choral Fantasy and his Fourth Piano Concerto were among the pieces played. Beethoven played the piano concerto — his last time appearing as a soloist with the orchestra.
Quote: "Tones sound and roar and storm about me until I have set them down in notes."Ludwig van Beethoven

Does radium have a color? Radium is nearly pure white. When it is exposed to air, though, it immediately oxidizes, turning black. The heaviest of the alkaline earth metals, radium is a chemical element whose atoms — like those of the other alkaline earth metals — have two electrons in their outermost shell; this causes them to react readily and form numerous compounds. The luminescent quality in radium made it ideal for use in self-luminous paints for watches, instrument dials, clocks and the like. Unaware of the danger of the extreme radioactivity of the element, many watch-dial painters who shaped their paintbrushes by putting them between their lips, died from the extended exposure to the radium in the paint. With its hazards come benefits. Today, radium is used medically to treat some kinds of cancer. On this date in 1898, scientists Pierre and Marie Curie discovered radium in pitchblende that came from the Czech Republic.
Quote: "A scientist in his laboratory is not a mere technician: he is also a child confronting natural phenomena that impress him as though they were fairy tales."Marie Curie

Who was Poor Richard of the Almanack's fame? Benjamin Franklin took the pseudonym Richard Saunders as author of his Poor Richard's Almanack. Richard Saunders was the name of the author of a 17th-century London almanac, Apollo Anglicanus. Franklin chose "Poor Richard," in imitation of Poor Robin, another British almanac. First published on this date in 1732 (some say the first issue was released on December 28), the almanac quickly became one of the most popular journals in the American colonies, outsold only by the bible. Today is a red-letter day for publishing. Two other famous publications that were released on this date were Thomas Paine's first ''American Crisis'' essay, in which he wrote "These are the times that try men's souls" (1776); and Charles Dickens' classic Yuletide tale, A Christmas Carol, first published in England in 1843.
Quote: "Be at war with your vices, at peace with your neighbors, and let every new year find you a better man."Benjamin Franklin

What instrument did Paul Klee play? Paul Klee was a prolific Swiss painter who also played the violin for Bern's symphony orchestra. Born on this date in 1879 to a musical family, his affinity for music is often seen in his art. Klee was noted for his mastery of line, form and color, and his whimsical paintings tread the line between abstract and figurative. He produced more than 10,000 paintings, etchings and drawings over his lifetime. Klee spent much of his adult life in Germany teaching at the Bauhaus Academy, but, in 1933, Nazi persecution forced him to resign from the university and flee with his family back to Switzerland, where he had grown up — his mother was Swiss and his father was German. He was only granted Swiss citizenship posthumously.
Quote: "A line is a dot that went for a walk."Paul Klee


Starting in the United States, it has become a common expression of relief at the end of the work week and anticipation of relaxing or partying over the weekend. The term was originated by the Akron, Ohio disk jockey Jerry Healy on radio station WAKR in the early 1970s. The phrase was further popularised by the 1978 movie starring Donna Summer, Thank God It’s Friday. The phrase has also become common for advertising and promotional materials. On college campuses beginning in the 1970s, the phrase (sometimes shortened to "TG") became associated with Friday afternoon beer parties, usually held outdoors.

What's the longest-running prime time entertainment TV show in America? The Simpsons, which celebrates its 20th anniversary today, claims that honor. Homer and Marge, Bart, Lisa and Maggie make up the world's favorite animated family. They haven't gotten where they are without outside help. The list of guest actors who lent their voices — and often their personas — to the show is long and eclectic, and includes actors, musicians, scientists, politicians, reporters, athletes and even an astronaut. Here are just a few names on the long list of those whose voices have graced The Simpsons: Donald Sutherland, Meryl Streep, Dustin Hoffman, Ann Hathaway, Roger Clemens, Serena Williams, Elizabeth Taylor, Michael Jackson, Johnny Carson, Buzz Aldrin, James Taylor, Mel Brooks, three of The Beatles, Joe Namath, Steve Martin, Rupert Murdoch, Steven Hawking, The Who, Stephen King, Paul Newman, Ben Stiller, J.K. Rowling, LeBron James, 50 Cent, Stephen Colbert and Jon Stewart.
Quote: "You can't create a monster, then whine when it stomps on a few buildings."Lisa Simpson

How much tea got dumped in the Boston Tea Party? On this date in 1773, Bostonians emptied the holds of three tea-bearing British ships into Boston Harbor to protest the British tax on tea imported to the colonies. A group of men led by Samuel Adams disguised themselves as Native Americans and dumped some 18,000 pounds of tea into the water. As punishment, Parliament passed the Intolerable Acts, which, among other things, effectively closed the Massachusetts port until restitution for the spoiled tea would be made. This served to further unite the colonies in their opposition to the British. The Boston Tea Party was one of a series of events that led to the American Revolution.
Quote: "It does not require a majority to prevail, but rather an irate, tireless minority keen to set brush fires in people's minds."Samuel Adams

Was there a real Tara that was used for the filming of 'Gone With the Wind'? Scarlett O'Hara's Georgia plantation home, Tara, was just a facade built on RKO's Forty Acres back lot of Selznick International Pictures. The front door of the set is on display at the Margaret Mitchell House and Museum in Atlanta. The epic film Gone With the Wind premiered seventy years ago today. It was the culmination of a three-day extravaganza of events in Atlanta, including parties, parades and a costume ball. The stars attended the gala, although Hattie McDaniel and the film's other African-American actors were prohibited from attending the premier showing itself, because of Georgia's segregation laws. McDaniel's performance as Mammy won her that year's Academy Award. Vivien Leigh, the dark horse candidate for the role of Scarlett, won Best Actress.
Quote: Nothing in Hollywood is permanent. Once photographed, life here is ended. It is almost symbolic of Hollywood. Tara had no rooms inside. It was just a fa?ade. So much of Hollywood is a fa?ade.David O. Selznick

What was discovered first, the South Pole or the North Pole? Although Robert E. Peary has long gotten the credit for reaching the North Pole first, in 1909, it may have actually been Frederick Cook who got there first, in 1908. It was another two years before explorers reached the earth's other end. Word came back on this date in 1911 that Roald Amundsen became the first person known to reach the South Pole. He and his team of four men all returned safely from the expedition. Only 12 of the 52 sled dogs that accompanied the group made it back. Just a month later, Captain Robert F. Scott led a team of five men to the South Pole, but none of them returned from this trip. Their frozen bodies were found 11 months later. A significant date for exploration, December 14 is also the birth date of two famous explorers: James Bruce, who discovered that the Blue Nile began in a lake in Ethiopia, was born on this date in 1530. And Tycho Brahe, famous for exploring the stars, albeit from afar, was born on this date in 1546.
Quote: "That is the exploration that awaits you! Not mapping stars and studying nebula, but charting the unknown possibilities of existence."Spock, of Star Trek

Wait — just how old is Taylor Swift? Hard to believe, isn't it? Taylor Swift, this year's toast of the country music world, turns 20 today. It's been quite a ride for a young woman who came out with her first single, "Tim McGraw," in 2006. Her eponymous debut album opened at No. 19 on the Billboard 200, reaching No. 5 there and No. 1 on Billboard's Top Country Albums. In the last year she has taken home award after award, and just a month ago, Swift became the youngest singer to win the Country Music Association Entertainer of the Year award. Last year, she was the top-selling musician in the US, having sold four million albums. At the tender age of 19, with earnings of some $18 million, she already ranked No. 69 in Forbes' most-powerful celebrities list. In September, Swift became the first country music artist to win an MTV Video Music Award. She continues to ride the wave; in March, she'll be competing for eight Grammys. Happy birthday to Taylor Swift. Way to go!
Quote: "The lesson I've learned the most often in life is that you're always going to know more in the future than you know now."Taylor Swift

If today is the first day of Hanukkah, why was the first candle lit last night? According to Jewish custom, the day officially starts at sundown. So, the first candle of Hanukkah would be lit at sundown on the 25th of Kislev on the Jewish calendar (in this case, last night), and the first day extends until the next sundown (this evening). Hanukkah commemorates the victory of a small band of Jewish fighters, the Maccabees, over the ruling Greek Syrians, under the reign of Antiochus IV Epiphanes, in 165 BCE, leading to the rededication of the Temple. The holiday also celebrates the miracle of the light — when a small amount of oil that was expected to last for just one night, illuminated the Temple's menorah for eight days and nights. Hence, the holiday, also called the Festival of Lights, is celebrated over eight nights, with the lighting of an additional candle in the Hanukah menorah each night. Happy and bright Hanukkah!
Quote: The candles are burning bright/One for each night, they shed a sweet light/To remind us of days long ago." — "Oh Chanukah"

Did a king of England ever 'decline the honor' of being king? On this date in 1936, Edward VIII, king of Great Britain and Ireland for 325 days, became the first English monarch to abdicate the throne voluntarily. In love with American divorcee Wallis Simpson, Edward chose to give up the throne, rather than give up the woman who was deemed an inappropriate candidate for future Queen of England. His brother, Albert, was crowned King George VI on May 12, 1937. A month later, Edward and Wallis Simpson were married. Edward became Duke of Windsor, and he and his wife lived abroad for the rest of their lives. The royal family never fully accepted the duchess, but in 1972, Queen Elizabeth II visited the couple while on a state visit to France. When the duke died a few days later, the duchess was treated with the full respect demanded by her title.
Quote: "I was shocked and angry with the startling suggestion that I should send from my land, my realm, the woman I intended to marry."Edward VIII

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