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April Fools' Day  

2009-04-01 10:44:53|  分类: 外语学习 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Better a witty fool than a foolish wit." So says Feste in William Shakespeare's Twelfth Night. Shakespeare indeed suffered fools gladly: he wrote of fools, populated his plays with them, and gave them some of his best lines. Consider: "Lord what fools these mortals be." That line comes from A Midsummer's Night's Dream, with the mischievous fairy Puck blaming the mortal lovers for actions that were actually brought on by his own mistake. In Shakespeare's As You Like It, Jacques cries, "A fool, A fool! I met a fool i' the forest, A motley fool" — the term motley referring to the multicolored dress of the jesters at that time. And, in The Merchant of Venice, the play's jester, Gratiano, defends himself with this sentiment, "Let me play the fool, With mirth and laughter let old wrinkles come." Today is April Fool's Day.

Quote: "The fool doth think he is wise, but the wise man knows himself to be a fool."
William Shakespeare, As You Like It

April Fools' Day lands right in the middle of this week, and in its honor we'll examine words that relate to pranks, trickery and humor。
fleer  intr.v. To smirk or laugh in contempt or derision.
n. A taunting, scoffing, or derisive look or gibe.

staff and staple, stuff, stonewall, quasi-=semi-, poise, poison-pen letter, plummet, summit, oft-, far and away, erotic, be in for it, sit tight, pink slip,

rake in/ pull down/ acquire/ gain/ get/ fetch/ obtain/ procure/ take out/ trover/ win/ achieve/ attain/ scoop up/
ilk, vestal, vested, dubbed/said, jump-start, be sliced and diced, morpheme, handwrought, colostrum=foremilk. fore and aft, to the tune of, wallah, five-and-dime, dime store, fecund=fertile, feckless,febrific/febrifuge, Treasuries



when two [three] Sundays come together
决不会, 永远不会有那一天
on the ropes:
【体育运动】 击倒在柱索上:拳击时被击倒在拳击台的围绳上.  即将完蛋:濒于失败或崩溃;无望或无力的
at the end of (one's) rope
限度:某人耐心、耐力或策略的限度:
in bonanza (=strike a bonanza)
找到富矿脉, 大走鸿运
spurn sb.'s unsolicited offers
狂傲地拒绝某人的提议
spurn sb.'s affection
拒绝某人的爱情
stiff-arm, straight-arm,
J&J chief turns down salary hike.
GlaxoSmithKline CEO Andrew Witty is urging governments in Southeast Asia to clamp down on counterfeiters.
fork over
[口](不情愿地)交出, 交付, 放弃
play (a good) knife and fork
(胃口很好地)饱餐一顿,痛痛快快地吃}
measure up
v.
合格, 符合标准
unmet needs
未满足的需要
When in doubt, win the trick.
"the only thing we have to fear is fear itself" (1933) --Franklin Delano Roosevelt
sign off v.停止广播, 停止活动
sink, plunge, drop, decline,
mum's the word保密:保守你知道的秘密:Mum's the word on the surprise party.在这个意外的集会上别多话




Cardiology, Dermatology, Diabetes & Endocrinology, Family medicine / Primary care, Gastroenterology, General surgery, HIV/AIDS, Infectious Diseases, Internal Medicine, Nephrology, Neurology & Neurosurgery, Nursing, Ob/Gyn and women's health, Oncology, Ophthalmology, Orthopaedics, Pathology & Lab Medicine, Pediatrics, Pharmacist, Psychiatry, Public health & Prevention, Pulmonary medicine, Radiology, Rheumatology, Transplantation, Urology.


The month of March, with its connotation of steady, rhythmic progress, seems a good time to examine some other words relating to forward motion. Let us set forth.
Perambulate, sally, trip, jaunt, excursion,

per day [month, year]
每天[月, 年]
per air mail
航空邮寄
as per usual
照常, 一如往常
per annum [pE5rAnEm]
每年
per bearer
由来人
per capita [5kApitE]
每人, 按人口(计算)
per centum
每百中, 百分之...
per contra
相反的, 反之
per diem [5daiem]
每日
per mensem [5mensEm]
每月
mill, per mill, per mil [mil]
每千
per procurationem
[-9prCkjureiFi5Eunem]由...所代表
per saltum [5sAltQm]
一跃
per se [sei, si:]
本身; 本来, 本质上
He sent the letter  per his brother.
他那封信是由他弟弟寄出的。
as per按照
conflict of interest违背公众利益的行为,利益冲突
We all knew it was just a matter of time.
spin off
分割:从更大的实体中派生出(如公司或产品)
spin out
翻滚:打滑失控,如汽车打滑而冲出路面
spin (one's) wheels
徒劳无益
amortization of premium溢价摊销
be-all and end-all
n.要义, 本体
be-all
n.生命中的一切, 最要紧的事(=be-all and end-alll)
end-all
n.终结, 大团圆
allegro non tanto急速但不太快地
martial arts
tam-tam 铜锣, (=tomtom)唐唐鼓
Sisyphean
earmuff,
lie in state
v.埋葬前任人吊唁
cando/cordial/zealous/warm and sincere/true-blue/
cordially yours
n.
谨上
Go ahead
at the end of one's tether
智穷才尽; 山穷水尽; 忍无可忍
beyond one's tether
为某人力所不及; 在某人权限外
wallop in a tether
[苏]被绞死[吊死]
donnybrook, free-for-all,
tare and tret
n. 扣除皮重计算法, 净重量计算法
That is to say, namely, in other words, scilicet (Abbr. sc.,scil.,ss,ss.),
inferior goods
低档货
inferior limit
下限; 最小限度
inferior figures
下附数字(如H2 中下附的2)
be inferior to
在....之下; 次于; 不如
be sb.'s inferior in
在....方面不及某人
inferior by comparison
相形见绌
inferior/lesser/lower/secondary/subordinate/worse/superior
supersede/displace/replace/supplant/take the place of
libretto,script, scenario,
moniker/nickname
hubbub/ado/bustle/clamor/commotion/din/fracas/fuss/noise/racket/row/rumpus/tumult/turmoil/uproar
We thank you for your prompt attention to this matter.
matutinal, macrotous, blarney,
decent/adequate/correct/fit/proper/respectable/right/suitable/coarse/indecent/vulgar
all wool and a yard wide优质的, 货真价实的, high grade, high quality, high-caliper,
wording, copy, text, content, freelance, freelancer,
check with, arrange/ confer with sb. on sth./ consult with/negotiate about/ treat, palaver/ parley/ transact/ treaty
jeopardy/ risk/ loss/ injury/ peril/ danger/ safety


April Fools' Day lands right in the middle of this week, and in its honor we'll examine words that relate to pranks, trickery and humor.
 cozen, maffick, mansuetude, cachinnate, jape, joke, quip,



scarlet
adj.
明显的; 罪恶昭彰的, 淫荡的
深红的, 猩红的, 鲜红的
面红耳赤的

女, 淫妇
scarlet fever
【医】猩红热
scarlet hat
红衣主教的帽子[职位]
scarlet letter
红A字(昔时被判通奸罪者所带的标记)
Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter — a book about adultery, shame, guilt, labeling and loyalty — chose to turn her symbol of shame into a mark of beauty and individuality. The novel, published on this date in 1850, is considered one of America's greatest literary works. Hawthorne set The Scarlet Letter, like most of his novels, in 17th-century Puritan America, painting a picture of the society as intolerant, repressive and authoritarian.
"A pure hand needs no glove to cover it." — Nathaniel Hawthorne
malversation, macaronic, mansuetude,  maglev,
boulevard(Abbr. blvd.,Blvd.,boul.)/median strip /route /way /road /pathway/pad/path/roadway/highway/thoroughfare/mall/avenue(Ave.,AVE,Av.,ave.,av)





narcissistic
1. Excessive love or admiration of oneself. See synonyms at conceit.
2. A psychological condition characterized by self-preoccupation, lack of empathy, and unconscious deficits in self-esteem.
3. Erotic pleasure derived from contemplation or admiration of one's own body or self, especially as a fixation on or a regression to an infantile stage of development.
4. The attribute of the human psyche charactized by admiration of oneself but within normal limits.


By Jove and Zeus! From Echo to Phobos, the characters populating Greek and Roman mythology have left indelible footprints on the English language. This week we'll take a look at some of these titans of literature and language.
stentorian: Extremely loud, a stentorian voice. See synonyms at loud.
star-spangled, saunter, leisure, stroll, gallivant, amusement, roam about, wander, jaunt, trip, excursion, sally, peregrinate, journey, travel, traverse, jucket, gad, tantalize, flirt, amorously, allegro non tanto, glean, perambulate, set-up/tear-down, gallivant, reciprocal/reciprocity, crypt/encrypt, prepping, pars(pl. partes, =a part), parsimony, polite and courteous,  freight/freightage/shipment,

mandate/authorization/command/approval/confirmation/validation, honcho/head/boss, second-hand, second-guess/second-guesser, off-putting/boring/roiling,

double/triple(treble)/quadruple/quintuple/sextuple/septuple/octuple/nonuple/decuple, twicefold, ninefold...
couple/triad(twosome)/tetrad/pentad(fivesome, quinary, quintuplet)/hexad(sextuplet)/heptad(septenary)/octad/ennead.
 





PPO
Preferred Provider Organization. A health care organization composed of physicians, hospitals, or other providers which provides health care services at a reduced fee. A PPO is similar to an HMO, but care is paid for as it is received instead of in advance in the form of a scheduled fee. PPOs may also offer more flexibility by allowing for visits to out-of-network professionals at a greater expense to the policy holder. Visits within the network require only the payment of a small fee. There is often a deductible for out-of-network expenses and a higher co-payment. A policy holder will have a primary physician within the network who will handle referrals to specialists that will be covered by the PPO. After any visit, the policy holder must submit a claim, and will be reimbursed for the visit minus his/her co-payment.

HMO
Health Maintenance Organization. A form of health insurance combining a range of coverages in a group basis. A group of doctors and other medical professionals offer care through the HMO for a flat monthly rate with no deductibles. However, only visits to professionals within the HMO network are covered by the policy. All visits, prescriptions and other care must be cleared by the HMO in order to be covered. A primary physician within the HMO handles referrals.



forgo/do without/give up/relinquish/sacrifice/surrender/yield/abstain from


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