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英语新闻必备短语词汇  

2009-04-23 08:17:47|  分类: 外语学习 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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英语新闻标题总是力求用有限的字数来表达新闻的内容,为此,在措词上尤其要狠下功夫,选词尽可能经济达意、简短明了,偏爱 选用那些短小精悍或字母最少的动词。这是因为短小易懂、形象生动的措词不仅能增强新闻的简洁性和可读性,而且还能节省版面篇幅。如表示“破坏”或“损坏” 一词意义的动词,标题一般不用damage,而用一些较之简短的词,如hit,harm,hurt, ruin或wreck等。又如表示“放弃”这一概念的动词,标题一般不用abandon,而用drop,give up,quit,skip或yield 等,表示“爆炸”之类的动词意义时,一般不用 explode,而用blast,crash, ram或smash等词。简而言之,英语新闻标题大都喜欢选用字形短小、音节不多而意义又比较广泛的词。

这类动词在标题中屡见不鲜,读者平时阅读时不妨多加留意,这对于提高英语水平,尤其是熟悉英语同义动词,无疑是大有裨益的。为便于读者更好地理解英语新闻标题,现再列举一些常见诸报端的标题小词,以备不时之需:

aid=assist(帮助,援助)

alter=change or modify(改变)

ask=inquire(询问)

assail=denounce(谴责)

axe=dismiss\\\\reduce(解雇,减少)

balk=impede(阻碍)

ban=prohibit or forbid(禁止)

bar=prevent(防止,阻止)

bare=expose or reveal(暴露,揭露)

blast=explode(爆炸)

begin=commence(开始)

bid=attempt(努力)

bilk=cheat(欺骗)

bolt=desert or abandon(放弃)

boost=increase(增加,提高)

check=examine(检查)

claim=ause the death of...(夺去……的生命)

clash=disagree strong1y(发生分歧,争议)

curb=control or restrict(控制)

dip=decIlne or decrease(下降)
ease=lessen(减轻,缓和)

end=terminate(结束,中止)

flay=criticize(批评)

flout=insult(侮辱)

foil=prevent from(阻止,防止)

grill = investigate(调查)

gut=destroy(摧毁)

head=direct(率领)

hold=arrest(逮捕)

laud=praise(赞扬)

lop=diminish(下降,减少)

map=work out(制订)

mark=celebrate(庆祝)

name=appoint\\\\nominate(命名,提名)

moot=discuss(讨论)

mull=consider(考虑)

nab=arrest(逮捕)

nip=defeat(击败)
ease=lessen(减轻,缓和)

end=terminate(结束,中止)

flay=criticize(批评)

flout=insult(侮辱)

foil=prevent from(阻止,防止)

grill = investigate(调查)

gut=destroy(摧毁)

head=direct(率领)

hold=arrest(逮捕)

laud=praise(赞扬)

lop=diminish(下降,减少)

map=work out(制订)

mark=celebrate(庆祝)

name=appoint\\\\nominate(命名,提名)

moot=discuss(讨论)

mull=consider(考虑)

nab=arrest(逮捕)

nip=defeat(击败)
slay=murder(谋杀)

soar=skyrocket(急剧上升)

spur=encourage(激励,鞭策)

swap=exchange(交流,交换)

sway=influence(影响)

trim=reduce(削减)

vie=compete(竞争)

vow=determine(决心,发誓)

weigh=consider(考虑)

woo=seek to win(争取,追求)
Med = medicine/medical

head off vt. 阻止(,道前) financial turbulence

political heavyweights

distil v. , 提取....的精lessons from the subprime mess

resilient回的,力的,愉快的more resilient against financial turmoil

vying a. 竞争vi. 竞争

vie v.竞争vai for supremacy至高,; 优势

boil down to a. (归结为) a straight fight between

managerial vim n. 精力,,精神

intermediate technology中间技术generous assumptions about the economy's strength

ballooning非法操价格entitlement

health outlay,经费,支出v.

slashing payments to health-care

insolvency

thrown into the shade v. 使(使相形见绌,使黯然无光)

sb dropped out of the race

quixotica. 唐吉德式的, 狂想家的;不切实际的;

is loathed by the business establishment

calls for a constitutional ban on abortion and homosexual marriage. put more emphasis on poverty, in a bid to win Mr Edwards's voters

conservative populists 老保守派和民粹人士

gritted her teeth

giving immigrants the right to earn citizenship

There is good reason for thinking充足的理由

exacerbate vt. 加重(使...,激怒)

The economy is sputtering. Employment

is faltering. House prices are dipping.

been showered with大量予;称赞dancer was showered with praise

redesign a city's bus services from scratch从头开始;

rural bliss is precarious, isolated, and tedious.

opt for wage employment

their mode of production is ill suited to modern agricultural production,

public provision公共提供

consumer food fashions are fast-changing and best met by integrated marketing chains

afflict v. 使苦恼,折磨was afflicted with患了病/was afflicted with conscience受良心责备

price inflation物价膨胀

intertwined search-and-advertising market

ethnic cleansing种族清洗

be forced to accept a fait accompli既成事实

It also witnessed a pivotal moment

reel vi. 眩晕,蹒跚left the state reeling



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