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English words of Hawaiian origin  

2009-04-06 13:56:09|  分类: 外语学习 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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The Hawaiian language has offered many words to the English language, and many Hawaiian words are known to non-Hawaiian speakers, and many have also been assimilated into the English language (i.e. "aloha", meaning "hello", "love", or "goodbye", or "mahalo", meaning "thank you"). English also borrows some Hawaiian words (i.e. "ukulele", "mahimahi" and "mu?umu?u").

The Hawaiian orthography is notably different from the English orthography because there is a special letter in the Hawaiian alphabet, the ?okina. The ?okina represents a glottal stop, which indicates a short pause to separate syllables. The kahakō represents longer vowel sounds. Both the ?okina and kahakō are often omitted in English orthography.

Because the Hawaiian orthography is different from English orthography, the pronunciation of the words differ. For example, the "mu?umu?u", traditionally a Hawaiian dress, is pronounced "moo-moo" by many mainland residents. However, many Hawaii residents have learned and realize that the ?okina in Hawaiian signifies a glottal stop. Thus, in the Hawaiian language, "mu?umu?u" would be pronounced "moo-oo-moo-oo". The pronunciations listed here are how it would sound in Hawaiian orthography.

Vowel Pronunciation
a a or ɑ
e ?
i i
o o or o?
u u
Hawaiian word Meaning Pronunciation (IPA) Definition link
?A?a A kind of rough-surface volcanic rock (in Hawaiian: 'a'ā). Note that there are two glottal stops before and after the first "a". Thus, it is not spoken as "ahh", but as "ah-ah". [??ɑ?ɑ] Link
Akamai A Hawaiian word meaning "intelligent", "clever", or "smart". [?ɑk??mai] Link
Aloha Hawaiian word for "hello", "goodbye", and "love"; outside of Hawai?i, only the first two meanings are used. [???loh?] Link
?Awa a Polynesian shrub, Piper methysticum, of the pepper family, the aromatic roots of which are used to make an intoxicating beverage [] Link
Haole Hawaiian for "foreigner" or "outsider". Usually directed towards Caucasians or people from the mainland. May be said offensively, but is commonly said familiarly (not to be confused with ha?ole, meaning "without breath"; the two have completely different meanings). [?h?uli] Link
Honu Hawaiian name for the green sea turtle [?ho?nu] Link
Hula Ancient Hawaiian form of dance. In the older days, men used to do hula as a sign of masculinity and as a war dance. Also see haka. Many people get confused between the Hawaiian hula (more graceful and slower) and the Tahitian hula (quicker and more hip movements) [?hu?l?] Link
Humuhumunukunukuāpua?a The reef triggerfish. The humuhumunukunukuapua'a is notorious for its long name, which many struggle to pronounce correctly (Humu (hoo-moo) + humu (hoo-moo) + nuku (noo-koo) + nuku (noo-koo) + a (ah) + pua'a (poo-ah-ah)) [/?humu?humu?nuku?nuku?a?pu?a?a/] Link
Kahuna Hawaiian priest, wizard, or shaman; used in the slang phrase "big kahuna" [k??hu?n?] Link
Kama?aina A local; someone who has lived in Hawaii for a long time [] Link
Keiki Hawaiian word for "child" [?keiki] Link
Kukui The candlenut tree, state tree of Hawaii, so named because the nuts were used as candles. Kukui nut leis were worn by celebrities such as Jessica Simpson and Tyra Banks in 2005-07 and became popular must-have accessories. [] Link
Lanai A veranda or patio, from the word lānai (not to be confused with the island, Lāna?i [] Link
Lei A garland of flowers and/or leaves to be worn [lei] Link
Luau A Hawaiian feast (Hawaiian: lū?au) [?lu??au] Link
Mahalo Hawaiian for "thank you"; used by Adam Corolla nationally as well as others[citation needed] [] Link
Mahi-mahi Hawaiian word for the dolphin fish [] Link
Mano Hawaiian word for "shark" (not to be confused with the Spanish "mano", meaning "hand") []
Mu?umu?u (Mumu) A loose gown or dress incorrectly pronounced moo-moo in English, but properly pronounced "mu?umu?u" in Hawaiian. mu?umu?u Link
?Ohana Hawaiian word meaning "family" [] Link
Pahoehoe A kind of smooth-surface volcanic rock [] Link
Pele's hair A type of volcanic glass fibers named after Pele, the Hawaiian fire goddess of volcanoes (see also limu o Pele) []
Pele's tears Solidified pieces of lava named after Pele []
Poi A type of Hawaiian food made from mashing corms of the taro plant [] Link
Puka A hole or perforation. Puka shells are round shells with center holes, strung together to make popular necklaces. [] Link
Shaka A hand gesture common in Hawaii by raising the thumb and pinky fingers to make a sign similar to the American Sign Language symbol for "Y". []
Taboo From Hawaiian "tapu", now Romanized "kapu". Also Tongan "tapu" or Fijian "tabu". [] Link
Ukulele A small guitar-like musical instrument that resembles the Portuguese cavaquinho (lit. "jumping flea") [?uk?u?l?l?] Link
Wiki Hawaiian word for "fast"; used in the "Wiki Wiki Shuttle" and "Wikipedia" [?iki], [wiki]
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