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青山妩媚

新的一年,新的心情,新的挑战,新的起点...

 
 
 

日志

 
 

Real capital, Financial capital, Working capital, Current capital  

2010-01-16 18:01:24|  分类: 外语学习 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

Plug and play: PnP, 即插即用

Trainee, jackaroo, houseman, medic, intern, interne, internship, come up with

Lear at…

I hope the holiday season is keeping you busy! Celebrate the tail end of the GFC with this completely priceless D.I.Y Christmas tree. Times have been tough, so we thought we would help you this year by saving you the hassle of building your own Christmas tree. That's right, we've created a D.I.Y Christmas tree that you can decorate in the space of a few minutes. It's the least we can do to say thank you for being a CareerOne member. Wishing you every happiness this Holiday Season and prosperity in the New Year.  We look forward to continuing our relationship in the coming year. All the best to you and your family, Happy Holidays and a Merry Christmas with the best wishes for health, happiness and prosperity in 2010! I hope you enjoy the upcoming holidays. Wish that the New Year is the beginning of greater joy and beautiful moments to cherish all days through. Holidays are just around the corner. Wish you a happy and prosperous 2010! This is a remote test, so limit time for them. It was great to meet with you. To follow-up on that, we are still in the progress of finalizing strategies for this project. I am pleased you could pull that off. I would like to commend you on sth. Either a laptop or desktop. We’ll review everything that is currently underway. First let me say….Happy New Year!!!!  I hope you had a wonderful holiday season! falls within acceptable criteria for. handy references. Happy New Year. I hope you were able to enjoy some down time during the holidays.

Please mark your calendar and attend the Services trainings for new employee. See the below schedule for the times and location.

 Happy New Year! January is always a particularly active month for Jigsaw as salespeople return to work after exhausting their pipelines at the end of the past year and need to load up on new prospects. Make this a career year- it’s about time! wish you good fortune in 2010.

You are a brilliant guy, and work diligently and smartly too.  So you'll have a very bright future. BioSquare Partnering has started and is in full-swing!

All aspects of a project that affect the identity, quality, safety, potency, and purity of a product.

neck and crop, without further ado, without more ado

Get everything ready beforehand. 事先准备好一切。

 I strongly recommend to use Skype as of noww/o any interruptions.

follow suit v.跟着做, 跟着出同花色的牌

borrowed prosperity虚假繁荣

Prosperity makes friends, adversity tries them.

[]富贵交友易, 患难显真情。

be beforehand with事先准备好; 先发制人

(be) swamped with忙得应接不暇; [收到]大量的

swamp with...提出大量, 给予大量

in its entirety全面, 完整, 全体, 全部

Hip hip…hooray! hurrah!

meet (someone) halfwayTo make a compromise with

down to business (言归正传), spring chicken (girl), last minute change, sexy and straight man, randy logger, sluttery, lure to home, hush-hush, dreamboat, at a guess,  get your bottom (干杯),

bust, bust-up 分手;buss,

thus far迄今 so far, by now, to date,

With respect tojump-start, business day, physical day,

Hackneyed: 不新奇的, 陈腐的, 常见的expedite,

take a lot of难以...[后接动名词]

brand new 崭新, 全新

gammon and patter n.废话, 行话

gammon and spinach []胡说八道

cross check, check with,

jerk off To masturbate.

jerk a gybe伪造护照

jerk chin music谈话

jerk the cat [](酒醉的人呕吐)

yabber verb tr. intr.
To talk; converse.
noun (also yabberer)
Talk; conversation.
Etymology
Australian pidgin, probably from aboriginal yaba.
Usage
"Is it French or Queensland's blacks' yabber? Blest if I can understand a word of it." — Rolf Boldrewood; Robbery Under Arms; 1888.
"Floating between Australia and England as the Centre does, 'yabber' seems to suit our positioning. We invite any contributions to this column devoted to conversing and sharing news about things Australian." — Menzies Centre for Australian Studies, King's College, University of London, Newsletter, Dec 1999.

zugzwang noun A position where one is forced to make an undesirable move.
Etymology
From German Zugzwang, Zug (move) + Zwang (compulsion, obligation).
Usage
"Now the government finds itself in zugzwang, where every move it makes worsens its position against an invisible opponent ...." — Pusch Commey, Is the Rand Racially Prejudiced?, African Business (London), Mar 2001.

erg noun
The unit of work or energy in the centimeter-gram-second system.
Etymology
From Greek ergon (work). Ultimately from Indo-European root werg- (to do) which gave us ergonomic, work, energy, metallurgy, surgery, wright, and orgy
erg (erg) noun
A large area of land covered with shifting sand. Also known as a sand sea.
[From Arabic.]
Usage
"Every available erg of waste heat from operating machinery will be used to warm living quarters. In all, it may save 150,000 gallons of fuel every year." — Robert Lee Hotz; Last Journey To The Last Place On Earth: At the South Pole, Nothing Can Grow Except the Spirit; The Los Angeles Times; Jun 8, 2001.

heft noun
1. Weight; heaviness.
2. Importance.
verb tr.
1. To test the weight of something by lifting.
2. To heave or hoist.
Etymology
After heave, on the pattern of cleave/cleft, leave/left, thieve/theft, weave/weft, etc. From Middle English heven (to lift, take)
Usage
"Turning 40 once meant winding down, but for thousands of Canadian women, it means winding up: hefting barbells, hitting the books, embracing whole new lives." — Deborah Jones; Middle-aged? Who, Me?; Chatelaine (Toronto, Canada); Apr 1, 1998.

tor noun
1. A rocky heap on the top of a hill.
2. A peak of a bared hill.
Etymology
From Middle English, from Old English torr. Of uncertain origin: probably from Celtic
Usage
"Felicity Jones is in England with her mother, who is on sabbatical to pursue intensive research into the Arthurian legend. There is speculation that Glastonbury Tor might really be Avalon, where Arthur was taken to die." — Renee Steinberg; The Last Grail Keeper; School Library Journal (New York); Dec 2001.

roscian adjective
Of or related to acting.
Etymology
After
Quintus Roscius Gallus (c.126-62 BCE), a Roman actor famous for his talent in acting
Roscius was born in slavery but his success on stage won him freedom from the dictator Sulla. He was considered the greatest comic actor and Cicero took elocution lessons from him. Cicero later returned the favor by defending him in a lawsuit and the defense speech survives to this day. In his honor, accomplished actors are sometimes called Roscius.
Usage
"I put my hands in my pockets. A folded piece of paper in one of them attracting my attention, I opened it and found it to be the playbill I had received from Joe, relative to the celebrated provincial amateur of Roscian renown." — Charles Dickens;
Great Expectations; 1861.

adamite noun
1. A nudist.
Etymology
After the name of some Christian sects who professed to imitate the first human, Adam, in not wearing any clothes
2. A human being.
[After Adam, the prototypical human.]
3. A mineral (zinc arsenate hydroxide) usually yellow and green in color.
[After mineralogist Gilbert Joseph Adam (1795-1881).]
Usage
"Among the curious assembly in this utopian community were British transcendentalist Charles Lane and his ten-year-old son; Isaac Hecker, who founded the Roman Catholic Paulist Fathers; and an adamite." — Laurie Morrow; The

hermeneutic
(hur-muh-NOO-tik, -NYOO-)
adjective
Interpretive or explanatory.
Etymology
From Greek hermeneutikos (of interpreting), from hermeneuein (to interpret), from hermeneus (interpreter). After Hermes in Greek mythology, who served as a messenger and herald for other gods, and who himself was the god of eloquence, commerce, invention, cunning, and theft
Usage
"Musically, the soundtrack is a trashy genre-fest that provokes a kind of hermeneutic overload. Is it for a horror film, a B-grade sci-fi, a masterpiece of Soviet cinema? Or a kung-fu flick, a western, or a gangster movie?" — Cameron Woodhead; The Session; The Age (Melbourne, Australia); Jun 19, 2006.

galen
noun
A physician.
Etymology
After Galen, a famous Greek physician in the 2nd century. He pioneered the study of anatomy and wrote extensively about his findings
Usage
"I need a Galen for my fermenting mind seeking the vintner." — Raficq Abdulla; Words of Paradise: Selected Poems of Rumi; Frances Lincoln Ltd; 2000.

barrier option

A type of exotic option that provides a payoff if the value of the underlying reaches or does not reach a predetermined price or "barrier level". Barrier options are characterized as "knock in" if the right to exercise the option is met, or "knock out" if the right is not met. It is characterized as "up" if the price of the underlying is above the barrier, and as "down" if it the price is below the barrier.


offering circular

A legal document offering securities or mutual fund shares for sale, required by the Securities Act of 1933. It must explain the offer, including the terms, issuer, objectives (if mutual fund) or planned use of the money (if securities), historical financial statements, and other information that could help an individual decide whether the investment is appropriate for him/her. also called prospectus or circular.

capitonym noun
A word that changes pronunciation and meaning when it is capitalized.
Usage
As in the following poems:
Job's Job In August, an august patriarch/ Was reading an ad in Reading, Mass.
Long-suffering Job secured a job/ To polish piles of Polish brass.
Herb's Herbs An herb store owner, name of Herb, Moved to a rainier Mount Rainier.
It would have been so nice in Nice, And even tangier in Tangier.

deflagrate verb tr. and intr.
To burn or cause to burn something rapidly and violently.
Etymology
From Latin deflagratus, past participle of deflagrare (to burn down), from de- (intensive prefix) + flagrare (to blaze)
Another word that shares the same root is "flagrant". When a politician engages in flagrant misuse of public money, his actions are so glaring that they cannot escape attention. It's as if he were literally burning public money.
Usage
"'It is easy to inject fuel into a chamber and get it to deflagrate,' or burn, in a manner similar to the V-1 engine, according to John B. Hinkey ...." — Paul Proctor, Pulse Detonation Technologies Advance, Aviation Week & Space Technology (New York), May 4, 1998.

sacerdotal adjective
Of or relating to priests: priestly.
Etymology
Via French from Latin sacerdotalis (priestly), from sacerdos (priest, literally one who offers sacrifices), from sacer (holy, sacred) + dare (to give).
Usage
"My student came from a country where professors hold a sacerdotal status and so took my jest as a brushoff." David D Perlmutter; Are You A Good Protege?; Chronicle of Higher Education (Washington, DC); Apr 18, 2008.
Weekly theme
The word religion derives from Latin ligare (to tie or to bind, as in 'ligament'), but it best serves as a tool to divide people. My religion is better than yours. My god true, yours false. What, we have the same religion? No problem, my sect is better than yours. This week we'll look at five words related to religion.  (?
Wordsmith.org)

precatory adjective
1. Expressing a request.
2. Nonbinding: only expressing a wish or giving a suggestion.
Etymology
From Latin precari (to pray). Ultimately from the Indo-European root prek- (to ask) that is also the source of words such as pray, precarious, deprecate, and postulate.
Usage
"Even worse, [the proposed amendment] is a deception because it amounts to nothing more than a precatory expression of pious hope." Robert C. Byrd; A Hollow and Dangerous Promise; The Washington Post; Oct 31, 1993.
"'The laws are precatory as opposed to mandatory,' said Scott Sommer, 'They say the city "may", rather than "shall", enforce the housing code.'" Deborah Sontag; A Weak Housing Agency Seems to Be a Step Behind; The New York Times; Oct 7, 1996.

vatic adjective
Of or related to a prophet or a prophecy: prophetic.
Etymology
From Latin vates (prophet). Ultimately from the Indo-European root wet- (to blow or inspire) which is also the source of fan, atmosphere, Vatican, and Wednesday (literally, Woden's day, after a Norse god).
Usage
"'I know one day we will all die,' replied Adi, making a valiant stab at vatic foresight." Tom Sutcliffe; Not All of It Added Up; The Independent (London, UK); Jan 29, 2009.

canonical adjective
1. Authorized; recognized.
2. Religion: Relating to canon law.
3. Art: Relating to a particular artist's works established as authentic and complete.
4. Literature: Relating to a list of literary works permanently established as having highest merit.
5. Math: In simplest or standard form.
6. Music: Relating to a piece of music in which a melody is played by different overlapping voices. Example: Pachelbel's Canon.
Etymology
From Latin canon (measuring rod, rule), from Greek kanon (rule).
Usage
"Shakespeare, Shaw, Ibsen, and heaven knows what other canonical heavyweights one might care to name?" Matt Wolf; Newcomers Who Stole the Show; The New York Times; Dec 29, 2009.

eagre noun
A high tidal wave rushing upstream into an estuary. Also known as tidal bore.
Etymology
Of obscure origin.
Usage
"A few jet-skiers attempted to jump over the high waves while paddlers in longboats tried to outrace the onrushing eagres." — Batang Lupar Challenges Visitors to Tame Its Bores, New Straits Times-Management Times (Malaysia), May 8, 2001.
"They wandered with a sense of travel, to see the rushing spring-tide, the awful Eagre, come up like a hungry monster ..." — George Eliot, The Mill on the Floss, 1860.   (? Wordsmith.org)

cross-hedging

Hedging one instrument's risk with a different by taking a position is a related derivatives contract. This is often done when there is no derivatives contract for the instrument being hedged, or a suitable derivatives contract exists but the market is highly illiquid. The success of cross-hedging depends completely on how strongly correlated the instrument being hedged is with the instrument which underlies the derivatives contract. Additionally, the credit quality of the derivative and the instrument being hedged needs to be similar and their markets need to be of similar liquidity, so that price changes are similar. Lastly, the maturity of the derivatives contract must be at least as long as the maturity of the desired hedge, otherwise the investor will be left with an unhedged exposure for a period of time.

Rule 144

An SEC rule specifying the conditions under which a holder of restricted or controlled securities may publicly sell them. If certain conditions are met, the holder must file a formal registration statement with the SEC, Form 144. This rule allows executives who hold very large blocks of their company's stock to sell a portion of that stock every 12 months.

be modest and prudent谦虚谨慎

Prudent Man Rule

The fundamental principle for professional money management, stated by Judge Samuel Putnum in 1830: "Those with responsibility to invest money for others should act with prudence, discretion, intelligence, and regard for the safety of capital as well as income." Some states which don't have specific legal lists require fiduciaries to uphold the Prudent Investor Act. also called Prudent Investor Act (Rule).

Relative Strength Index

RSI. A technical analysis indicator which measures the magnitude of gains over a given time period against the magnitude of losses over that period. The equation is RSI = 100 - 100 / (1 + RS) where RS = (total gains / n) / (total losses / n) and n = number of RSI periods. The value can range from 1 to 100. Some technical analysts believe that a value of 30 or below indicates an oversold condition and that a value of 70 or above indicates an overbought condition.


weak dollar

Dollar that can be exchanged for only a small or decreasing amount of foreign currency. A weak dollar means that the U.S. dollar cannot buy very much of another currency. The strength of the dollar has an impact on imports and exports because goods and services from a foreign nation are usually purchased in the currency of the producing nation. A weak dollar usually leads to high exports and low imports. opposite of strong dollar.

green shoe

A provision in an underwriting agreement which allows members of the underwriting syndicate to purchase additional shares at the original. This is a useful provision for underwriters in the event of exceptional public demand. The name comes from the fact that Green Shoe Company was the first to grant such an option to underwriters. also called overallotment provision.

real capital

Capital, such as equipment and machinery, which is used to produce goods. Real capital is distinguished from financial capital, which is funds available to acquire real capital. Real capital appears on the asset side of the balance sheet, while financial capital appears in either the liabilities section or the shareholders' equity section.

parallel loan

An arrangement in which two companies in different countries borrow each other's currency for a given period of time, in order reduce foreign exchange risk for both of them. also called back-to-back loans.

callable

Able to be redeemed prior to maturity. The term usually applies to bonds and convertible securities. The issuer of a callable security has to state the conditions under which the security may be called at the time of issue. For most securities, there is a certain initial time period in which the security cannot be called. A bond will usually be called when market interest rates fall below the yield being paid on the bond (bonds are usually called when the price rises to a certain point). To reflect this risk, a callable security is usually priced lower than a non-callable security.

debt/equity ratio

A measure of a company's financial leverage. Debt/equity ratio is equal to long-term debt divided by common shareholders' equity. Typically the data from the prior fiscal year is used in the calculation. Investing in a company with a higher debt/equity ratio may be riskier, especially in times of rising interest rates, due to the additional interest that has to be paid out for the debt. For example, if a company has long-term debt of $3,000 and shareholder's equity of $12,000, then the debt/equity ratio would be 3000 divided by 12000 = 0.25. It is important to realize that if the ratio is greater than 1, the majority of assets are financed through debt. If it is smaller than 1, assets are primarily financed through equity.


working capital

Current assets minus current liabilities. Working capital measures how much in liquid assets a company has available to build its business. The number can be positive or negative, depending on how much debt the company is carrying. In general, companies that have a lot of working capital will be more successful since they can expand and improve their operations. Companies with negative working capital may lack the funds necessary for growth. also called net current assets or current capital.

 


 

 

Did some US states already prohibit alcoholic beverages even before the US passed the 18th Amendment? In 1846, Maine became the first US state to pass a Prohibition law. Many other states followed suit and by the time the 18th Amendment took effect on January 16, 1920 — the Prohibition law had been passed exactly one year earlier, by 36 of the 48 states — 33 states had already passed laws prohibiting the manufacture, sale or transportation of alcoholic beverages. What many people had not taken into consideration was how much organized crime in major American cities would benefit from the new law. Criminals like Al Capone made millions of dollars illicitly bootlegging, smuggling and selling alcohol. The general public became increasingly dissatisfied as racketeering and social problems related to Prohibition grew, and the movement to repeal the amendment grew. In December 1933, the 21st Amendment was passed and ratified, repealing the 18th Amendment and Prohibition. It is still the only time an Amendment to the US Constitution was repealed in its entirety.
Quote: "Why don't they pass a constitutional amendment prohibiting anybody from learning anything? If it works as well as Prohibition did, in five years Americans

How do a pig, a duck, a monkey and an owl say "Happy Birthday?" Dr. Dolittle would have known. And his creator, Hugh Lofting, born on this date in 1886, would have been able to put the words into the animals' mouths. Lofting was a soldier in World War I and, tired of the horrors and tedium of war, wrote letters to his children filled with tales of a kindly English veterinarian who could communicate verbally with his animal patients. The stories evolved into a series of books, the second of which, The Voyages of Dr. Dolittle, won a Newberry Medal.
Quote: "Animals are such agreeable friends; they ask no questions, they pass no criticisms"George Eliot

What is dyslexia? Dyslexia is a developmental disorder in the brain that causes a disability in reading, spelling and writing. Dyslexics may see letters reversed both in shape and in words, e.g., a "p" may look like a "q" or "mat" may be read as "tam." Although dyslexics don't "grow out" of their condition, they can learn to adapt to it, learning varied techniques in reading and improving language development. Famous dyslexics include Tom Cruise, Cher, Albert Einstein, Walt Disney and Magic Johnson. Patrick Dempsey, who plays Dr. Derek Shepherd on Grey's Anatomy, has even credited his dyslexia with helping him to get where he is today. In a 2008 interview, he told Barbara Walters, "It's given me a perspective of — you have to keep working. I have never given up." He memorizes all his lines when he performs. Happy birthday to Patrick Dempsey, who turns 44 today.
Quote: "People sometimes mistake being serious with being taken seriously... you have to be careful not to get too self-important. You have to find the balance between being entertaining and being preachy."Patrick Dempsey

What kind of mortar was used to hold the stones together in the Egyptian Pyramids? The ancient Egyptians didn't use any mortar at all to hold the stones of the Pyramids together. They used a system of interlocking blocks, placed carefully atop each other. Any mortar that was used was created from dehydrated gypsum, and it was used just to fill gaps between the stones. The Great Pyramids at Giza, built during the 26th century BCE, were starting to deteriorate by the 20th century. An international panel was established in the 1980s to oversee the restoration of the structures. They decided to use modern cement in the limestone stones to better stabilize the structure. However, they found that the water in the cement was causing the limestone to split. On January 12, 1984, restoration workers stopped using the cement and reverted to the ancient system of interlocking blocks used by the original pyramid builders. From then on, the project proceeded smoothly.
Quote: "He had discovered the fact that if you tell somebody to do something, nine times out of ten he will do it."Will Cuppy, on Khufu, the pharaoh of ancient Egypt who built the Great Pyramid

What kind of organ is used to play the beginning of Procol Harum's "A Whiter Shade of Pale"? Organist Matthew Fisher played a Hammond organ, model number M-102, in the opening measures of Procol Harum's "A Whiter Shade of Pale." Procol Harum is one of the many rock and jazz groups that made heavy use of the electronic organ in their music. The band still — after more than 40 years — appears in concert with a Hammond organ. Laurens Hammond, who invented the world's first commercially successful electronic organ using tonewheels, was born on this date in 1895. Hammond meant for his organ to replace the much heavier and harder-to-transport pipe organs that were used in theaters and chapels at that time. It became quickly popular with radio stations, with many of the broadcasters using the Hammond organ to create sound effects, as well as music.
Quote: "Any good music must be an innovation."Les Baxter

Did the US ever join the League of Nations? Although the League of Nations was proposed by US President Woodrow Wilson, the US never did join the organization. The League was established on this date in 1920, as the Treaty of Versailles went into effect. The League of Nations never wielded any real power and it was disbanded in 1946, and replaced by the United Nations. The first meeting of the UN General Assembly convened at Westminster Central Hall in London on January 10, 1946. Made up of representatives from each of the UN member nations, 51 countries were present at that first meeting; today there are 192 member states. The General Assembly passes weighty resolutions (e.g. admission of a new member, questions of budget or trusteeship) by a 2/3 majority of those representatives present and voting. More routine issues are passed by a simple majority vote.
Quote: "More than ever before in human history, we share a common destiny. We can master it only if we face it together. And that, my friends, is why we have the United Nations."Kofi Annan, former UN Secretary-General

Was there a real Phantom of the Opera? Gaston Leroux wrote the novel of The Phantom of the Opera, publishing it first as a serial in 1909. Though it was not based on fact, he wrote an introduction supposedly explaining that he carried out his own inquiries into the strange events that had occurred in the famous Opera House in the 1880s. He wrote of visiting the huge underground lake where the Phantom hid and of stumbling upon the skeletons of "some poor wretches who had been massacred under the Commune in the cellars of the Opera." Although the book was far from a best-seller, in 1925 it was made into a movie, starring Lon Chaney, which was a hit. Andrew Lloyd Webber wrote a musical based on the story, which opened in London in 1986 and in New York in 1988. On this date in 2006, the Broadway production of The Phantom of the Opera surpassed Cats to become the longest-running show in Broadway history; to date, there have been over 9,100 performances. More than 100 million people have seen the show in 124 cities in 25 countries, and it's the highest-grossing entertainment production of all times.
Quote: "Who was that shape in the shadows? Whose is the face in the mask?"

Whom was Graceland named for? When Elvis Presley bought the mansion that became his famous home in 1957, it came complete with the name Graceland. The grounds had originally been owned by S.E. Toof, the publisher of the Memphis newspaper the Memphis Daily Appeal. Toof had named the estate for his daughter, Grace. Part of the grounds were deeded over to Toof's niece and she and her husband built the mansion that eventually came to be owned by Elvis. He bought the house for about $100,000, and made extensive changes to it. He built a swimming pool and a racquetball court, as well as the "Jungle room," which included an indoor waterfall. Elvis shared the house with his parents, and, later, with wife-to-be Priscilla and their daughter, Lisa Marie. In 1977, Elvis died in the mansion which would become a shrine to him and his music. Elvis, born on this date in 1935, would have been 75 years old today.
Quote: "I don't know anything about music. In my line you don't have to."Elvis Presley

What did Galileo call the moons he spotted orbiting Jupiter? When — exactly four hundred years ago today, on January 7, 1610 — Galileo Galilei first reported seeing the moons orbiting Jupiter, he called them "Cosmica Sidera" or "Cosimo's Stars." They were named for his patron, the grand duke of Tuscany, Cosimo II de' Medici. Cosimo suggested the name be changed to "Medicea Sidera" ("Medici's Stars") to honor all four Medici brothers, and Galileo honored his wishes. But, in fact, it was astronomer Simon Marius, who claimed to have sighted the moons at the same time as Galileo, who chose the names that we still use to this day. He decided to name them after the lovers of Zeus. The four moons are called Io, Europa, Ganymede and Callisto.
Quote: "I've loved the stars too fondly to be fearful of the night."Galileo Galilei

See previous spotlights: Four Freedoms, January Jones, Jakob Grimm

What are the Four Freedoms that FDR spoke of in his famous speech to Congress? President Franklin Delano Roosevelt described his goals for humanity in his famous Four Freedoms speech: freedom of speech and expression, freedom of religion, freedom from want, and freedom from fear. The speech was given as part of his State of the Union message on this date in 1941. In 1982, on the centenary of FDR's birth, the FDR Institute established the Four Freedoms Award to be given out annually to people who have shown themselves to be dedicated to the freedoms Roosevelt spoke of so eloquently. There is an award for each of the freedoms. Among the recipients of the awards have been Paul Newman and Joanne Woodward, Liv Ullman, Bill and Hillary Rodham Clinton, Nelson Mandela, Teddy Kollek, Walter Cronkite, the March of Dimes and Aung San Suu Kyi.
Quote: "That is no vision of a distant millennium. It is a definite basis for a kind of world attainable in our own time and generation."Franklin D. Roosevelt, in his Four Freedoms speech

Did the Brothers Grimm actually write the tales they're credited with? When we hear the name Grimm, we think of fairy tales like "Rapunzel," "Hansel and Gretel" and "Snow White." Jakob and Wilhelm Grimm were collectors of German folklore; they recorded and popularized traditional stories. The Grimm brothers were also renowned philologists. Jakob Grimm, born on this date in 1785, formulated Grimm's Law, showing how consonants shifted between the Indo-European and Germanic languages: the Indo-European p, t, and k became Germanic f, th, and h; Indo-European b, d, and g became Germanic p, t, and k; and Indo-European bh, dh, and gh became Germanic b, d, and g .
Quote: "The real Brothers Grimm were scholars; they were these amazing heroes in Germany who... made Germans proud of their heritage."Matt Damon

How did 'Auld Lang Syne' become the official New Year's Eve song in America? "Should auld acquaintance be forgot, and never brought to min'...." "Auld Lang Syne" was played by Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians as a New Year's Eve song for the first time, eighty years ago today — on December 31, 1929. Though it was played as the band's theme song for years, and it had even occasionally been sung on New Year's Eve, this was the first time that Lombardo's group played it at the Hotel Roosevelt Grill in New York City to usher in the new year. The annual tradition continued when the party moved to the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel (1959-1976) and the song still kicks off the Times Square celebration every New Year's Eve. The words "auld lang syne" translate literally to "old long since," or "days gone by." Scottish poet Robert Burns recorded the words that had been passed down orally, and is thought to have added some verses to the poem.
Quote: "We'll tak a cup o' kindness yet, for auld lang syne." — "Auld Lang Syne," Robert Burns

Did LeBron James think of playing pro football? When Lebron James was in high school, he was a star football player, earning all-state honors as a wide receiver in his sophomore year, and helping his team make it to the state championship semifinals in his junior year. Some sports analysts thought he could have been drafted to the NFL. Instead, his prowess on the basketball court brought him far greater acclaim. When he was 18, he was the number one NBA draft pick, chosen by the Cleveland Cavaliers. During his tenure with them James has racked up a series of "youngest-ever" stats: he was the youngest-ever player to score more than 50 points in one game, the youngest to score 2,000 points in a season, the youngest to score 10,000 career points, the youngest to be named NBA Rookie of the Year, the youngest to have two All-Star MVPs, the youngest to be named to the All-NBA first team, the youngest to record a triple-double and the third youngest player (behind Oscar Robertson and Magic Johnson) to post 15 triple-doubles. Happy 25th birthday to basketball phenomenon LeBron James.
Quote: "I never worry about individual accolades. Never have and never will. I feel like the individual awards will come with the team's success." LeBron James

Who decides who gets the Kennedy Center Honors? Each year the Kennedy Center Board of Trustees receives a list of nominations for the Kennedy Center Honors from former award recipients and members of the Kennedy Center's national artists committee. The Board of Trustees then decides who will receive the honors. An annual event since 1978, the Kennedy Center Honors are considered one of the most prestigious awards an artist can receive for his or her contributions to American culture. This year's honors were presented two weeks ago, in a gala affair, to honorees Mel Brooks, Dave Brubeck, Grace Bumbry, Robert de Niro and Bruce Springsteen. The awards ceremony will be broadcast tonight at 9 PM ET on CBS-TV.
Quote: "These performers are indeed the best. They are also living reminders of a single truth... the arts are not somehow apart from our national life. The arts are the heart of our national life."Barack Obama, on this year's Kennedy Center Honors

Where does the name Denzel come from? If a person's surname is Denzel it probably means his ancestors came from either Denzell in Cornwall or a place called Tenze in Mecklenburg, Germany. It's not a common first name, and most people who hear the name Denzel think of just one person: Denzel Washington. He was named for his father, who, in turn, was named for the doctor who delivered him, Doctor Denzel. Washington, who rarely even saw movies as a child, grew to be one of the world's biggest stars, bringing home two Academy Awards: one for Best Supporting Actor for his role in Glory and a Best Actor Award for his performance in Training Day. Washington has often taken roles portraying real people. He played Steve Biko in Cry Freedom (1987), Malcolm X in Malcolm X (1992), Rubin "Hurricane" Carter in The Hurricane (1999), Herman Boone in Remember the Titans (2000), Frank Lucas in American Gangster (2007) and Melvin Tolson in The Great Debaters (2007). Happy birthday to Denzel Washington, who turns 55 today.
Quote: "You pray for rain, you gotta deal with the mud, too. That's a part of it."Denzel Washington

In J. M. Barrie's book, where does Peter Pan live? Peter PanNeverland's favorite son — tells Wendy that he lives "second to the right, then straight on till morning." The fantasy adventure story went through several incarnations and adjustments before it became the musical play that so many are familiar with now. Peter Pan, the boy who wouldn't grow up, was first mentioned by J. M. Barrie in a novel he had written for adults, called The Little White Bird. Barrie expanded on the character, turning his story into a three-act play, which debuted in London on this date in 1904 at the Duke of York's Theatre. He only turned the story into a novel of its own several years later; it was first published in 1911, as Peter and Wendy.
Quote: "The life of every man is a diary in which he means to write one story, and writes another."J.M. Barrie

Is Boxing Day about the sport? As far as we know, Boxing Day doesn't have anything to do with the sport of boxing. Although there are many explanations as to the origin of the name, one point that most agree on is that on the day after Christmas, members of the higher class gave gifts to tradespeople, employees, servants or serfs, and others considered socially inferior. The gifts were often packed in a box, which the recipients would collect and cart home with them. Today, Boxing Day in many countries is similar to the US's Black Friday — one of the year's busiest shopping days. Because this year Boxing Day falls on a Saturday, in the UK Monday, December 28, has been declared a bank or public holiday. Happy Boxing Day to our friends in British Commonwealth countries.
Quote: "...a gift-giving virtue is the highest virtue."Friedrich Nietzsche, Thus Spoke Zarathustra

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