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青山妩媚

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2010-12-28 18:15:58|  分类: 外语学习 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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rebate

A partial refund following a purchase.

For a bill of exchange, a discount that is offered if the bill is paid before maturity.

The portion of interest on short sale proceeds that is paid out to the borrower of a bond as an incentive for them to borrow the stock from a specific source. When a short sale takes place, the short seller often borrows a security through a lender (who acts as an intermediary), who in turn borrows the security from an owner of custodian. The short sale's proceeds are then returned to the lender, who then invests the proceeds and earns interest on them. Certain short sellers might demand a portion of this interest, in order for them to do business with that particular lender.

NASD

National Association of Securities Dealers. Merged with the NYSE Regulation, Inc. in 2007 to form the organization now known as the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA).

inflation risk

The possibility that the value of assets or income will decrease as inflation shrinks the purchasing power of a currency. Inflation causes money to decrease in value at some rate, and does so whether the money is invested or not.

CUSIP number

A nine-character number that uniquely identifies a particular security. CUSIP is an acronym for the Committee on Uniform Securities and Identification Procedures, the standards body which created and maintains the classification system. Foreign securities have a similar number, called the CINS number.

closed-end investment company

A fund with a fixed number of shares outstanding, and one which does not redeem shares the way a typical mutual fund does. Closed-end investment companies behave more like stock than open-end funds: closed-end investment companies issue a fixed number of shares to the public in an initial public offering, after which time shares in the fund are bought and sold on a stock exchange, and they are not obligated to issue new shares or redeem outstanding shares as open-end funds are. The price of a share in a closed-end investment company is determined entirely by market demand, so shares can either trade below their net asset value ("at a discount") or above it ("at a premium"). also called closed-end fund or publicly-traded fund.

good delivery

Designation indicating that a certificate has the necessary endorsements and meets all requirements, so that the title can be transferred by delivery on the settlement date to the buyer.

General Securities Representative Examination

The exam for the Series 7 license. Everyone wanting to become a registered representative has to pass this exam in order to demonstrate adequate understanding of the securities industry. The test was developed by the NYSE and is administered by the NASD.

Preferred Provider Organization

PPO. A health care organization composed of physicians, hospitals, or other providers which provides health care services at a reduced fee. A PPO is similar to an HMO, but care is paid for as it is received instead of in advance in the form of a scheduled fee. PPOs may also offer more flexibility by allowing for visits to out-of-network professionals at a greater expense to the policy holder. Visits within the network require only the payment of a small fee. There is often a deductible for out-of-network expenses and a higher co-payment. A policy holder will have a primary physician within the network who will handle referrals to specialists that will be covered by the PPO. After any visit, the policy holder must submit a claim, and will be reimbursed for the visit minus his/her co-payment.

bull spread

An option strategy designed to profit from a rise in a security's price, by buying a near-month futures contract and selling a deferred month futures contract.

assumable mortgage

A mortgage that can be transfered with no change in terms. If an assumable mortgage is transferred, the buyer assumes all responsibility for repayment. The original lender must agree to the transfer of an assumable mortgage. The seller should receive a written release from the original lender stating that he/she has no responsibility for further payments. The buyer may have to meet certain standards to qualify and may be charged an assumption fee. Assumable mortgages can make a property more desirable if interest rates have risen, because the new buyer's payments are at the original rate. By definition, assumable mortgages cannot have a due-on-sale clause.

I don’t like you. I love you.

It is with deep regret that I write to inform all of you that Lee has resigned from the position of Leader of Electronic Marketing team. I am trying to make inroads into Noravtis and any lead would be helpful. I wanted to reach out to all of you to extend my many thanks for your hospitality.

Ireland Will Apply for Bailout Package. He would not give an exact figure but said the amount would be in the tens of billions of euros and that the final figure was still subject to further negotiations.
All lay load on the willing horse! 马善被人骑。
Pick up the chickens! 把妹
Make my mouth water,

I am sorry this request is coming so late. I am very sorry to send you such an urgent request with no warning but the circumstances dictate this.  Thanks so much for your prompt reply to this urgent request.

Shake a leg, shake a free/loose leg, pull one’s leg,

Profit/Loss

P/L. The difference between the?open price and the?current price in an open?currency transaction, multiplied by the number of?lots in the?order. A positive?value indicates a?profit, while a negative number indicates a?loss.

inflation

The overall general upward?price movement of?goods and?services in an?economy (often caused by a increase in the?supply of?money), usually as measured by the?Consumer Price Index and the?Producer Price Index. Over time, as the?cost of goods and services increase, the?value of a?dollar is going to fall because a?person won't be?able to?purchase as much with that dollar as he/she previously could. While the?annual rate of inflation has fluctuated greatly over the?last half century, ranging from nearly zero inflation to 23% inflation, the?Fed actively tries to maintain a specific rate of inflation, which is usually 2-3% but can vary depending on circumstances. opposite of?deflation.

reinvestment risk

The risk resulting from the fact that interest or dividends earned from an investment may not be able to be reinvested in such a way that they earn the same rate of return as the invested funds that generated them. For example, falling interest rates may prevent bond coupon payments from earning the same rate of return as the original bond.

soft currency

A country's currency which is not acceptable in exchange for currency of other countries, due to unrealistic exchange rates.

covered call

The selling of a call option while simultaneously holding an equivalent position in the underlier. This is an attempt to take advantage of a neutral or declining stock. If the option expires unexercised, the writer keeps the premium. If the holder exercises the option, the stock must be delivered, but, because the writer already owns the stock, risk is limited. This is the opposite of an uncovered call, when the writer sells a call for a stock that he/she does not already own, a dangerous strategy with unlimited risk.

second lien debt

A debt that places its holders second in line in the case of bankruptcy or default. Second lien debt holders receive compensation from property or other collateral after first lien debt is covered, making this type of loan a riskier investment. For example, a company issuing a homeowner a second mortgage will be able to claim assets only after the company issuing the first mortgage has completed its claim.

forex swap

A type of foreign exchange swap consisting of two parts, completed at the same time. One part is a foreign exchange spot trade, and the other is a foreign exchange forward transaction. Forex swaps are most often used by investors for either hedging or speculation purposes.

alternative order

Two orders given to a broker, for which the execution of either one automatically cancels the other. One example is combining a buy limit order with buy stop order.The buy limit order will only be executed if the market price is below a specified price, and the buy stop order will only be executed if the market price is above a certain price. If one order is executed, the other is cancelled. also called either-or order.

200-day moving average

An indicator used by traders to determine a stock's closing average over a period of 200 consecutive days. Most traders use this technical indicator to determine trends in the market. In theory, those stocks that continue to close above the 200-day line would be considered healthy, but often those stocks are considered volatile because they usually reverse course and head downward.

Federal Reserve requirement

Amount of money and liquid assets that Federal Reserve System member banks must hold in cash or on deposit with the Federal Reserve System, usually a specified percentage of their demand deposits and time deposits. While this is a way of ensuring that the banks always have a sufficient amount of cash for depositors, it is also a way of controlling the money supply. Increasing the reserve requirement will decrease the money supply, and decreasing the reserve ratio will increase the money supply. also called Federal Reserve requirement or reserve ratio.

Alternative Minimum Tax

AMT. An IRS mechanism created to ensure that high-income individuals, corporations, trusts, and estates pay at least some minimum amount of tax, regardless of deductions, credits or exemptions. It operates by adding certain tax-preference items back into adjusted gross income. While it was once only important for a small number of high-income individuals who made extensive use of tax shelters and deductions, more and more people are being affected by it. The AMT is triggered when there are large numbers of personal exemptions on state and local taxes paid, large numbers of miscellaneous itemized deductions or medical expenses, or by Incentive Stock Option (ISO) plans.

purchasing power

1. The value of money, as measured by the quantity and quality of products and services it can buy. also called buying power.

2. The
dollar value of additional marginable securities that a customer may purchase against the existing marginable securities in an account.

Jump in and make your feet wet!

automatic investment plan

A program that allows an individual to have a set amount electronically transferred from one account to another at a specified frequency. Examples include stock and mutual fund reinvestment programs, defined contribution plans, mutual fund contribution programs, and automatic withdrawal plans. also called systematic investment plan.

fund accounting

A system of accounting used primarily by non-profit or government organizations. For these and other similar organizations, it is more important for them to keep a record of how their money was spent, rather than how it was earned, unlike corporations. Their accounting records take the form of a collection of funds, each fund having a distinct purpose, ranging from operating expenses to funding the various activities of the organization.

takeover bid

The amount a company or group of investors is willing to pay in order to acquire a company. The bid is an offer to the shareholders of the target company. The shareholders will have to approve of the bid before an acquisition can be made, and can vote to hold out for more money from the acquiring company or to wait for a competing bid.

yield maintenance

A type of prepayment fee that is based on the movement of interest rates. The fee is charged by the lender to the borrower, and the borrower pays the fee in the hope that the mortgage-backed investment will provide a higher yield. The yield maintenance formula is the present value of remaining payments multiplied by the difference between the bond interest rate and the rate on a Treasury note of the same duration. It is often used in the commercial mortgage market in the valuation of securities.

interval measure

A calculation to measure the approximate number of days a company could operate simply on the cash it currently has on hand. It is equal to quick assets divided by daily operating expenses, and the value it returns is the average number of days that company could use those assets to meet all its expenses. The interval measure is similar to both the current ratio and the quick ratio, in that it gives an idea of how easily a company could fulfill its obligations. The interval measure is sometimes preferred to the other ratios because it returns an approximation of the actual number of days, as opposed to the other ratios, which just return a value that indicates the ease of making the payments.

limited discretion

A pre-established agreement between an investor and a broker that allows the broker to place trades without first notifying the investor. This may be allowable in certain instances where an option or future is about to expire.

constant proportion portfolio insurance

CPPI. A type of security derivative that creates exposure to an investment while reducing the risk and guaranteeing invested capital. CPPI is created through the purchase of a zero-coupon bond, with the cash proceeds being leveraged. A bond floor is set for the CPPI so that cash flows can be paid, hence guaranteed invested capital.

split

An increase in the number of outstanding shares of a company's stock, such that proportionate equity of each shareholder remains the same. This requires approval from the board of directors and shareholders. A corporation whose stock is performing well may choose to split its shares, distributing additional shares to existing shareholders. The most common split is two-for-one, in which each share becomes two shares. The price per share immediately adjusts to reflect the split, since buyers and sellers of the stock all know about the split (in this example, the share price would be cut in half). Some companies decide to split their stock if the price of the stock rises significantly and is perceived to be too expensive for small investors to afford. also called stock split

logarithmic chart

A chart for which the price scale (usually on the vertical axis) is skewed so that a given distance always represents the same percentage change in price, rather than the same absolute change in price (as is the case for a linear chart). In other words, the distance from 1 to 10 is the same as the distance from 10 to 100 on a logarithmic chart, but the latter distance is ten times greater on a linear chart.

drag-along right

A right that allows majority shareholders to force minority shareholders to accept an agreement. In a typical drag-along agreement, if a majority of shareholders agree to sell or liquidate a company then the remaining shareholders must consent and not raise objections. "Dragging" refers to the majority shareholder forcing the minority shareholder into an agreement that the minority shareholder may not want to enter into. Such a right is designed to block smaller investors from "holding out" on a deal in the hopes of raising share prices.

Philadelphia Board of Trade (PBOT)

Divisionof thePhiladelphia Stock Exchangethattradescurrency futuresand relatedproducts.NASDAQagreed topurchasethe PhiladelphiaStock Exchangein 2007 and as aresulttheofferingsof the PBOT were combined with NASDAQ'scurrentofferings.

undiversifiable risk

Risk which is common to an entire class of assets or liabilities. The value of investments may decline over a given time period simply because of economic changes or other events that impact large portions of the market. Asset allocation and diversification can protect against undiversifiable risk because different portions of the market tend to underperform at different times. also called systematic risk or market risk.

universal banking

A system of banking where banks are allowed to provide a variety of services to their customers. In universal banking, banks are not limited to just loans, checking and savings accounts, and other similar activities, but are allowed to offer investment services as well. Universal banking is less common in the United States than in Europe.

Not limited to just…, but…as well.

deleverage

A process undertaken by a company in an attempt to reduce its financial leverage. Financial leverage can be beneficial for a company, but if it becomes too risky or harmful, the company may need to deleverage itself by decreasing the amount of debt that it has (by paying it off). also called degearing.


two-way price

A?foreign exchange quote in which both the?bid and the?offer are shown. A two-way?price allows the?investor to see how much can be earned by buying or?selling a?currency pair with a specific?dealer, and is part of the?market order process for?trading currencies.


Residential Mortgage-Backed Security

RMBS. A type of mortgage-backed security composed of a wide array of different non-commercial mortgage debts. It securitizes the mortgage payments of non-commercial real estate. Different residential mortgages with varying credit ratings are pooled together and sold in tranches to investors looking to diversify their portfolios or hedge against certain types of risks.

U.S. Treasury Bond

A negotiable, coupon-bearing debt obligation issued by the U.S. government and backed by its full faith and credit, having a maturity of more than 7 years. Interest is paid semi-annually. U.S. Treasury Bonds are exempt from state and local taxes. These securities have the longest maturity of any bond issued by the U.S. Treasury, from 10 to 30 years. The 30-year bond is also called the "long bond." Denominations range from $1000 to $1 million. U.S. Treasury Bonds pay interest every 6 months at a fixed coupon rate. These bonds are not callable, but some older U.S. Treasury Bonds available on the secondary market are callable within five years of the maturity date. also called Treasury bond or T-bond.

commingled fun

1. A?mutual fund that includes?assets from several?accounts, pooled together, to reduce?management and?administration costs; here?also called pooled fund.

2.
Money from?customer account?securities which have been merged with those in a?bank or?brokerage's own accounts; usually illegal.

flexible spending account

A benefit offered to an employee by an employer which allows a fixed amount of pre-tax wages to be set aside for qualified expenses. Qualified expenses may include child care or uncovered medical expenses. The amount set aside must be determined in advance and employees lose any unused dollars in the account at year-end.

segregated fund

An annuity offered by an insurance company which guarantees a specific percentage return on the investment upon maturity. It is similar to a mutual fund, and is offered by a insurance company. The term "segregated" is used because the funds are kept separate from the issuing company's other investment funds. Segregated funds also contain other beneficial provisions, including the exemption from certain fees, such as the probate fee that would normally be charged when funds are passed to a beneficiary.

As Thanksgiving approaches, the entire GenScript team would like to express our appreciation and gratitude for your continued support and for allowing us to collaborate with you on your innovative and breakthrough research efforts.
We extend our best wishes to you, your friends and families for a wonderful, healthy and peaceful Thanksgiving season.

Your attitude determines the altitude of your life!

Likewise, I look forward to meeting you all.

The information is correct at the time of writing (March 2010). The information is subject to change and will be updated accordingly.

Benelux: Belgium, Netherlands, Luxemburg economic union,

ROC

Return on Capital. A measure of how effectively a company uses the money (borrowed or owned) invested in its operations. Return on Invested Capital is equal to the following: net operating income after taxes / [total assets minus cash and investments (except in strategic alliances) minus non-interest-bearing liabilities]. If the Return on Invested Capital of a company exceeds its WACC, then the company created value. If the Return on Invested Capital is less than the WACC, then the company destroyed value.

When Genzyme's manufacturing snafu gave the biotech a black eye, quite a number of analysts didn't give CEO Henri Termeer much chance of surviving the PR disaster. Then Carl Icahn showed up at their front door with a list of demands.

Drug developers aren't the only companies riding the consolidation wave. Tools makers are as well, and back in 2008 Invitrogen Corporation and Applied Biosystems agreed to combine in a $6.7 billion merger to form Life Technologies.

After taking the helm he quickly moved to the center stage on the whole outsourcing trend.

Thanksgiving day, black Friday, cyber Monday!

Hit back.

It is a bit related to me! 有点随我!

Stay excellent! Twat, big tits, a dirty skank, no big deal! Adulateress, solid joke,

I don’t need your permission, you know! 我可以霸王硬上弓 rumor, stay golden!

He is not buying it! 不买账! Three some: 3 P

REFCORP

Resolution Funding Corporation. The organization created by Congress in 1989 to bail out the savings and loan industry by offering debt to some companies and liquidating others.

cumulative

An arrangement in which a payment not made when due is carried over to the following period. In business, this usually refers to payments to preferred stockholders and bondholders. If these payments are not made in the period in which they are incurred, then they accrue to the preferred stock or bond holder. Before any payments are made to common stockholders, the preferred stockholders and bondholders must be paid.

Reach a deal, accord, agreement, in return,

 Apologize for being bossy, however, there’re a couple of items on my list ranked by urgency.

Hopefully we will get their project with a concerted effort.

No harm just give it a try. Discipline,

Self-directed, self-motivated, detail-focused, result-driven,

Attitude is altitude! Your attitude decides/determines your altitude in life.
? Oncology
? Ophthalmology
? CNS
? Vaccines
? Controlled Substances
? Inflammation
? Cardiovascular
? Musculoskeletal
? Respiratory
? Immunology
? Metabolic
? Inhalation
? Infectious Diseases

Leverage the HP technologies of today and the cutting-edge innovations of tomorrow to meet your current and future business needs.

Most of the respondents in the U.S., Britain and Japan say that their countries are not as inventive as they once were. Interestingly, the pharmaceuticals industry was tagged as the third most inventive industry in the world, following IT and telecom and coming in ahead of the auto industry.

I would like to have a ride to somewhere…plaintiff, respondent, defendant,

Soulmate, appetizing; goluptious; savoury ragrant

sell signal

Events, occurrences, or conditions which indicate that a financial instrument's value will decrease in the future. A sell signal indicates that it is a good time to liquidate holdings in a particular investment. These are commonly used and studied in forex trading.

financial analyst

An employee of a bank, brokerage, advisor, or mutual fund who studies companies and makes buy and sell recommendations, often specializing in a single sector or industry. Financial analysts use a wide variety of techniques for researching and making recommendations. The reports and recommendations they publish are often used by traders, mutual fund managers, portfolio managers and investors in their decision making processes. also called securities analyst or analyst

correction

A reversal of the prevailing trend in price movement for a security. The term is most often used to describe a decline after a period of rising prices. A correction is often considered beneficial for the long term health of the market, in that the prices had risen too quickly and the drop put them back to more realistic levels.

holder of record

The name of an individual or entity that an issuer carries in its records as the registered holder (not necessarily the beneficial owner) of the issuer's securities. Dividends and other distributions are paid only to holders of record. also called shareholder of record or holder of record or owner of record.

you might be better off talking with our partners. Be better off without…

Thanks again for taking the time to meet with me last week.

“whatever(无论什么)”连续第二年被美国人认为是最令人讨厌的词语。位列第二和第三的是“like(喜欢)”“you know what I mean(你明白我的意思)”。紧随其后的,则是10%的受访者不喜欢听到 “to tell you the truth(说实话)

Supporters depict him as a hero and martyr.

participating dividend

Dividend paid on participating preferred stock. This is an unusual dividend structure, since it allows holders of preferred stock to receive payouts in addition to the stated dividend rate under certain circumstances. The additional payouts could be a result of either specific events (such as a takeover), or increases in payout to common stockholders. In some cases, there is a formula established that relates additional preferred stockholder payouts to increases in common stockholder payouts.
Tobacco, president, mandarin, veterinary,

hard stop

Investment technique that triggers an automatic stop and sell order of an underlying security if a predetermined price level have been achieved. A hard stop is put into place when the initial investment is made and does not kick in until the price level has been reached.

Suicide, homicide: 中辣和超辣

Stunning Data on Government Conspiracies

We have been able to be more prepared for pitches by viewing contact's full profiles in advance.

You price in this instance was way over several the prices we received from elsewhere.

Template, templet, boilerplate, boil, boiler, boilery, boilerplate,

Dummy. Yummy,

Shut up, move on!

How can Christmas be without Santa! Hope Santa will bring you your dream gift tonight!

Will certainly contact you should the opportunity arises. I like to wish you a Happy Healthy and Successful Year to come.

 

Thanks much for your support and care all the way and time!  Wishing you every happiness this Holiday Season and prosperity in the New Year.   Hoping the Holiday Season is keeping you busy!   May the New Year is the beginning of greater joy and beautiful moments to cherish all days throughAll the best to you and your family!

I do not censor comments or discussion replies, but I will not hesitate to override my general policy if a group member disrespects or harasses another group member. We are all adults and can have a vigorous debate without resorting to personal attacks, threats, or harassing behavior. I have zero tolerance for such nonsense.

Just want to keep you in the loop about what we are up to in this space.

self-amortizing mortgage

A mortgage in which all principal is paid off in a specified period of time (often 15 or 30 years) through regular principal and interest payments. The advantage of such a mortgage is that the home-owner is not left with a large lump-sum at the end of the mortgage period. The disadvantage is that periodic payments are higher than if the mortgage simply covered the interest.

marginal risk

The?risk assumed by the?issuer of a?foreign exchange contract or?debt in the?event that the?investor goes into?default. It is the risk of the?marginal, or?final,?dollar of a?transaction or?asset going into default.

SIPC

Securities Investor Protection Corporation. A non-profit membership corporation established by Congress which insures securities and cash in customer accounts up to $500,000 (up to $100,000 on cash) in the event of brokerage bankruptcy. The SIPC is funded by all of its member securities broker/dealers. While it insures the account in the event that a brokerage runs out of funds to cover its claims, it does not insure against investment losses.

ex-stock dividends

A security which no longer carries the right to the most recently declared dividend; or the period of time between the announcement of the dividend and the payment. A security becomes ex-stock dividend on the ex-dividend date (set by the NASD), which is usually two business days before the record date (set by the company issuing the dividend). For transactions during the ex-stock dividend period, the seller, not the buyer, will receive the dividend. Ex-dividend is usually indicated in newspapers with an x next to the stock or mutual fund's name. In general, a stock's price drops the day the ex-stock dividend period starts, since the buyer will not receive the benefit of the dividend payout till the next dividend date. As the stock gets closer to the next dividend date, the price may gradually rise in anticipation of the dividend. also called ex-dividend.

fund supermarket

A brokerage firm that provides access to a variety of mutual funds from different fund families. Fund supermarkets are analogous to grocery supermarkets: they allow consumers to buy a variety of goods from different producers at one central location. In the case of fund supermarkets, the consumers are investors, the producers are mutual fund families, and the central location is a brokerage firm. The primary benefit of a fund supermarket is simplicity: an investor can buy funds from different fund families and receive all their statements in a single report.

sterilized intervention

Activity used in foreign exchange markets to equalize the effects of the forex trades. This is often accomplished by offsetting the trades with domestic sales, in attempts to keep the exchange rate from fluctuating too much.

productivity report

A release of economic data detailing how much output each unit of labor is producing in the economy as a whole. The productivity report is released at 8:30 am EST around the 7th of the second month of each quarter, and the data reflects the activity during the previous quarter. Many economists believe that productivity growth allows the economy to grow at unusually high rates without causing inflation. If productivity is growing, they believe, employment costs can increase without leading to increased inflation.

leads and lags

The increase or decrease in the speed of payments received from foreign exchange transactions. The speed of payments increases if the exchange rates increase, and decrease if the exchange rates decrease. If investors expect the exchange rate to increase, they might rush payments ("leads") in order to improve their position. If they expect rates to fall they might wait on the payments ("lags").

side pocket

A separate account used by hedge funds which includes only their illiquid assets, so that they can be considered separately from their liquid assets. A unique aspect of a side pocket account is that the only people who will benefit from this account are those who were members of the hedge fund when the account was created; any future members will not benefit from this account.

Netting

The settlement of obligations between two parties that processes the combined value of transactions. It is designed to lower the number of transactions required. For example, if Bank A owed Bank B $100,000, and Bank B owed Bank A $25,000, the value after netting would be a $75,000 transfer from Bank A to Bank B ($100,000 - $25,000).

Fair Credit Reporting Act

Federal law giving individuals the right to examine their own credit history. The provisions of this law enable consumers to approach credit reporting agencies to see what the agencies may be saying about them, find out if their credit information has been used any third parties, and approach an agency to dispute wrongful use or interpretation of their information. The law also places restrictions on the consumer reporting agencies, such as requiring the agencies to provide each consumer one free report per year upon request, as well as restricting the amount of time certain information can remain on one's credit report.

That would have softened the punishment of Representative Charles B. Rangel from censure to reprimand. He sought to smooth over a troubled relationship with President Hamid Karzai and take stock of a nine-year-old American-led war that he hopes to begin winding down next summer.
A little-known office of the Treasury Department has permitted American companies to do billions of dollars in business with Iran and other countries blacklisted as state sponsors of terrorism.

The Chinese pharma distribution industry must experience a rebirth before it gains new life.

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